The Nazis embraced the concept of racial hygiene. The laws banned sexual relations and marriages between Aryans and Jews and were later extended to include "Gypsies, Negroes or their bastard offspring". The principle relied on absolute obedience of all subordinates to their superiors; thus he viewed the government structure as a pyramid, with himself—the infallible leader —at the apex.
Rank in the party was not determined by elections—positions were filled through appointment by those of higher rank, who demanded unquestioning obedience to the will of the leader. His cabinet never met after , and he discouraged his ministers from meeting independently.
Hitler dominated his country's war effort during World War II to a greater extent than any other national leader. He strengthened his control of the armed forces in , and subsequently made all major decisions regarding Germany's military strategy. His decision to mount a risky series of offensives against Norway, France, and the Low Countries in against the advice of the military proved successful, though the diplomatic and military strategies he employed in attempts to force the United Kingdom out of the war ended in failure.
Nevertheless, he continued to believe that only his leadership could deliver victory. For peace, freedom and democracy never again fascism millions of dead remind [us]. Hitler's suicide was likened by contemporaries to a "spell" being broken. Hitler's actions and Nazi ideology are almost universally regarded as gravely immoral;  according to Kershaw, "Never in history has such ruination—physical and moral—been associated with the name of one man.
Germany suffered wholesale destruction, characterised as Stunde Null Zero Hour. Rummel , the Nazi regime was responsible for the democidal killing of an estimated Historian Friedrich Meinecke described Hitler as "one of the great examples of the singular and incalculable power of personality in historical life". Roberts , Hitler's defeat marked the end of a phase of European history dominated by Germany. He contends that without Hitler, the de-colonisation of former European spheres of influence would have been postponed. Hitler was born to a practising Catholic mother and an anticlerical father; after leaving home Hitler never again attended Mass or received the sacraments.
Historian John S. Conway states that Hitler was fundamentally opposed to the Christian churches. Hitler viewed the church as an important politically conservative influence on society,  and he adopted a strategic relationship with it that "suited his immediate political purposes". Speer wrote that Hitler had a negative view of Himmler's and Alfred Rosenberg 's mystical notions and Himmler's attempt to mythologise the SS. Hitler was more pragmatic, and his ambitions centred on more practical concerns. Researchers have variously suggested that Hitler suffered from irritable bowel syndrome , skin lesions , irregular heartbeat , coronary sclerosis ,  Parkinson's disease ,   syphilis ,  giant-cell arteritis ,  and tinnitus.
Langer of Harvard University described Hitler as a "neurotic psychopath ". Waite proposes that he suffered from borderline personality disorder. Hitler followed a vegetarian diet. He occasionally drank beer and wine in private, but gave up drinking because of weight gain in Prescribed 90 medications during the war years by his personal physician, Theodor Morell , Hitler took many pills each day for chronic stomach problems and other ailments. Hitler created a public image as a celibate man without a domestic life, dedicated entirely to his political mission and the nation.
It was rumoured among contemporaries that Geli was in a romantic relationship with him, and her death was a source of deep, lasting pain. Hitler exploited documentary films and newsreels to inspire a cult of personality. He was involved and appeared in a series of propaganda films throughout his political career—such as Der Sieg des Glaubens and Triumph des Willens —made by Leni Riefenstahl , regarded as a pioneer of modern filmmaking. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Hitler disambiguation. Leader of Germany from to Eva Braun m.
Gefreiter Verbindungsmann. Main article: Hitler family. Hitler's mother, Klara. Hitler's father, Alois. Main article: Military career of Adolf Hitler. Main article: Political views of Adolf Hitler. Main article: Beer Hall Putsch. Main article: Adolf Hitler's rise to power. Main article: Enabling Act of Main article: Nazi Germany.
Main article: Economy of Nazi Germany. Main articles: Axis powers , Tripartite Pact , and German re-armament. See also: Germany—Japan relations. Main article: Death of Adolf Hitler. Hitler on 20 April in his last public appearance, in the garden of the Reich Chancellery, ten days before he and Eva Braun committed suicide. Main articles: The Holocaust and Final Solution. Further information: Consequences of Nazism and Neo-Nazism.
Main article: Religious views of Adolf Hitler. Main articles: Hitler family and Sexuality of Adolf Hitler. Play media. Hitler took this title after the death of Paul von Hindenburg , who had been serving as President. Kershaw , p. Chapter 3. Aigner, Dietrich In Koch, H. Aspects of the Third Reich. London: MacMillan. Doyle, D February Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.
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Adolf Hitler Biography
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Archived from the original on 24 November Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 16 October In , he left school. In September , he went to Vienna and took an entrance examination. On 1 and 2 October, he failed the second examination. Hitler went back to Linz at the end of October. In December , Hitler's mother died and, because of that, he was depressed. Hitler's mother was Catholic , but Hitler hated Christianity. He also hated Jews. In , Hitler again went to Vienna to study art. He tried to become a student at the Academy of Arts, but failed the first entrance examination.
Hitler said he first became an anti-Semite in Vienna. This town had a large Jewish community. In , Hitler was 24 years old. At that time, all young Austrian men had to join the army. Hitler did not like the Austrian army, so he left Austria for Germany. He lived in the German city of Munich. On 16 August , Hitler joined the Bavarian army. He fought for Germany in World War I. He spent nearly the whole time on the Western Front.
He was a runner, one of the most dangerous jobs on the Front. That means he ran from one position to another one to carry messages. On 1 November , Hitler became a Gefreiter which was like being a private first class in the United States Army , or a lance corporal in the British Army. On 5 October , Hitler was hurt by a bullet shell. Between 9 October and 1 December, he was in the military hospital Belitz.
In March , he went back to the front. In March , Hitler participated in the Spring Offensive. After Germany surrendered , Hitler was shocked, because the German army still held enemy area in November There he attended the funeral march of the Bavarian prime minister Kurt Eisner , who had been killed. In , he participated in a training programme for propaganda speakers from 5 to 12 June and 26 June to 5 July.
Later that year, Hitler joined a small political party called the German Workers Party. He became member number He soon won the support of the party's members. Two years later, he became the party's leader. It became known as the Nazi Party. In , Hitler got together several hundred other members of the Nazi Party and tried to take over the Weimar Republic government —34 in the Beer Hall Putsch.
The coup failed. The government killed 13 of his men the 13 dead men were later declared saints in Nazi ideology. They also put Hitler in the Landsberg Prison. They said that he would stay in prison for five years, but they let him leave after nine months. While Hitler was in prison, he wrote a book with the help of his close friend Rudolf Hess. In the end, he called the book Mein Kampf My Struggle. Mein Kampf brought together some of Hitler's different ideas and explains where they came from:.
In Mein Kampf , Hitler says Martin Luther was "a great warrior , a true statesman and a great reformer. In , Hitler was elected into the German government. He ended freedom of speech , and put his enemies in jail or killed them. He did not allow any other political party except the Nazi party. Hitler and his propaganda minister, Joseph Goebbels , spread extreme nationalism within Germany.
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