By Mayo Clinic staff.
Twilight Thursdays at the Garden
Damage to your heart Your heart pumps blood to your entire body. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can damage your heart in a number of ways, such as:. Coronary artery disease affects the arteries that supply blood to your heart muscle. Arteries narrowed by coronary artery disease don't allow blood to flow freely through your arteries, which can cause chest pain angina. The condition also occurs when blood flow through your arteries becomes blocked, usually because of atherosclerosis. When blood can't flow freely to your heart, you can experience chest pain, a heart attack or irregular heart rhythms arrhythmias.
People with high blood pressure who have a heart attack are more likely to die of that heart attack than are people who don't have high blood pressure. High blood pressure forces your heart to work harder than necessary in order to pump blood to the rest of your body. This causes the left ventricle to enlarge or stiffen left ventricular hypertrophy — just as your biceps get bigger when you lift weights. This enlargement or stiffening limits the ventricle's ability to pump blood to your body. This condition increases your risk of heart attack, heart failure and sudden cardiac death.
Over time, the strain on your heart caused by high blood pressure can cause your heart muscle to weaken and work less efficiently. Eventually, your overwhelmed heart simply begins to wear out and fail. But high blood pressure can cause several problems, including:.
Dementia is a brain disease resulting in impaired thinking, speaking, reasoning, memory, vision and movement. There are a number of causes of dementia. One cause, vascular dementia, can result from narrowing and blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the brain. It can also result from strokes caused by an interruption of blood flow to the brain. In either case, high blood pressure may be the culprit.
High blood pressure that occurs even as early as middle age can increase the risk of dementia in later years. Mild cognitive impairment is a transition stage between the changes in understanding and memory that come with aging and the more serious problems caused by Alzheimer's disease. Like dementia, it can result from blocked blood flow to the brain when high blood pressure damages arteries. This condition can affect language, attention, critical thinking, reading, writing, reaction time and memory.
Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body. Healthy arteries are flexible, strong and elastic. Over time, however, too much pressure in your arteries can make the walls thick and stiff — sometimes restricting blood flow to your organs and tissues.
This process is called arteriosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is a specific type of arteriosclerosis, but the terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Atherosclerosis refers to the buildup of fats in and on your artery walls plaques , which can restrict blood flow. These plaques can also burst, causing a blood clot. Although atherosclerosis is often considered a heart problem, it can affect arteries anywhere in your body. Atherosclerosis is a preventable and treatable condition.
Atherosclerosis is a slow, progressive disease that may begin as early as childhood. Although the exact cause is unknown, atherosclerosis may start with damage or injury to the inner layer of an artery. The damage may be caused by:. I suppose my eallier comment didn't quite meet the precise standard in effect today in discussing illness and disease and famous people. I will simply add to your excellent comment comment that we should keep Occam's Razor in mind in discussing events and happenings brought about by as yet undetermined causes.
I strongly reccomend that anyone seriously interested in actually understanding the current news follow up your links by reading a couple of books that were reccomended to me by physicians who looked after a couple of my elderly relatives during thier sunset years:. I see people struggle in so many areas of their life by trying to make things more complicated then they really are. Life is already complicated enough without adding more chaos IMO. I'd heard good things about zerohedge but after reading their inane posters' inane comments re big conspiracies re his death, which is as you note such an easily understandable and explainable event, I've decided to ignore that site in the future, the Simmons thread I read made the Drudge report look intelligent.
But I'm glad Simmons got his Twilight in the Desert written, and that he got to bend the ears of so many out there who might otherwise not have paid much attention, not many of us can make that kind of difference, so I'm glad he gave it a try. Nothing like a bit of an attempt at intellectual honesty now and then to wipe away the nonsense. These two books are not fun reading at all, at all-but they are layman's bibles,written by pros in the field , and cover all the ground your links cover as well as Alzhiemers, which in both books is the primary topic. Incidentally, those who think Alzhiemers is "only for old folks" should investigate "early onset"and "Alzhiemers".
I think that this is where a heart or other problem reduces brain blood supply causing cognitive issues, and then This is sad news. All the more as his prediction about the "Saudi oil shock and the world economy" has actually materialized, but was obscured by the global financial crisis. Peak oil since and an accumulated debt crisis had converged. It was in the first half of , that Saudi Arabia could not produce enough oil to keep oil prices down. The problem culminated in July , when extra demand from China for the Olympic games broke the camel's neck as can be seen in the graph in my recent post:.
He repeatedly warned of OPEC's paper barrels which are the oil reserve equivalent of those derivatives which are still floating around in the banking system This is now the 2nd great peak oiler who died. We should not forget Dr. Samsam Bakhtiari. His testimony to the Australian Senate is here:. M King Hubbert died 1n Buz Ivanhoe who worked with Hubbert and established the Hubbert Center Newsletter, died in , shortly after the death of Garrett Hardin. Matt Simmons was one of the giants in the field on whose shoulders we all stood to see farther and thus act as early sooth seers and sayers of the oncoming PO tsunami.
Like most here I have come to respect Matt Simmons and often cite him as an experienced voice of reason. I thumbed through Twilight and found the data to be too heavy for my limited analytic skills, but I had no doubt that his work was thorough and considered. I have learned a great deal from Matt about the oil industry through his presentations and slide shows. Although he never heard of or met me, his courage, along with many others, in speaking out about peak oil has inspired me to change my life in ways that I can scarcely believe.
I am much happier now than I have ever been and Matt Simmons played no small part. Thank you Matt. His analysis over the years has given strength and credibility to the peak oil discussion. I hope others in his field will find the courage to follow in his footsteps. I am truly saddened by Matt's passing. I just returned from my father's funeral to learn this, so many mentors are passing. Twilight in the Desert was instrumental in bringing my thoughts from a cloudy oil is running out 's schooling to the certainty of peak today.
I agree with Art above in that Matt was a patient, gentle teacher, offering comments, explanations, or support to a long line of people who approached during the conference. With his death a powerful and charismatic voice fell silent. I always remember him in one of his interviews, when he interruted the lady from the TV-station, who expressed her wories about high oilprices two years ago: "But its only four cents a cup I think the peak oil movement will have a while to fill the gap he leaves behind, may his soul rest in peace,. Naturally, most people adopt this twilight perception and couch it within their psychological schema according to the prism through which they view their world, for example professional and personal skill sets and life experience.
Given Mr. Simmons' peculiarly outlying statements during the BP spill, his professional role as an investment banker and his history in the energy business, his late statements are really no surprise when viewed in the context of illness that can befall people in later life. Even Mr. Simmons' book, Twilight in the Desert , could be viewed as the product of a mind nearer to the end of its productive life than to its time of sharpest acuity, especially in the context of his recent claims regarding events in the Gulf.
And especially viewed in that light. Other than that, I didn't know the man, so I cannot presume to judge him, except by his behaviors, claims and work. I can't help but see Mr.
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Simmons in the light he projected himself. In the end, he seems to have jumped the shark. To me, that casts some doubt on his credibility, perhaps even going back before Twilight in the Desert. There is also at least as much good evidence that the young carry with them an unreasoned sense of immortality too. The ones who live through their "youth" usually learn something from the "near misses" and add it to their experience base, and perhaps temper their future decisions based on that experience. Very rarely though do people learn thru other peoples experiences that's why we repeat History so much Simmons may have "cried wolf" a bit too vehemently or got wrong information in the information vacuum that existed, and still exists , but that does not mean that there is no "Wolf".
The article you cite simply means that the head of Aramco or any others , has absolutely no incentive to state what actual reserves are. They know that as long as we think "the party" is still on, the western world particularly the U. Then, and only then, comes the panic. It should also be noted that the Saudi's etc. Agreed on the immortality of the young. I'm probably guilty of dual awareness as I stand here at my own mid life. As to the Saudi military protection, we've already staked our claim where the oil is: Iraq.
I absolutely agree that Peak Oil is a real phenomenon and something humans should be preparing for in the long term. I absolutely, unequivocally agree that the "wolf" exists. I just don't agree with the causality, the breezy talk of running out of oil that's tossed about like running out of milk or strawberry jam.
Oil supply is woven tightly into our political and economic matrix and those two forces will always govern oil availability; who gets it and for what price. Even if the U. EIA is off by a quarter or so, 1, billion barrels is quite a load of oil. That's 34 years' worth at 80 billion a day, I think, assuming some conservation going forward.
Now is the time to be thinking about this and I think the message is getting through to everyone now. I'm beginning to crystallize the idea that if we run out of oil, it will be due to economic and political gyrations and not an outright shortage of any kind. See also: "The Oil Crisis.
Look at the social and economic declines that are happening right now. Are they not a result of Peak Oil or oil shortages -- they are a result of money shortages. The declines we see playing out NOW are a result of a few factors, probably the largest being the housing bubble collapse, with its subsequent shocks to the financial system in concert with the oil price shock that was the sucker punch that really dropped the economy to the canvas, beginning in July The oil price hit surely didn't help matters.
But once again, that price spike was not due to any sort of oil shortage or peaking oil production -- it was strictly a function of market manipulation. For the foreseeable futures of most of us alive now, for purposes of most of our lifespans, the oil problem is a political and economic one, not one of physical supply. Same as it ever has been. In the end, we here in the west have a long way to fall before we're bathing in plastic buckets.
Some of us can see it coming already, which is fine. But there's a fine line between intelligent prescience and organic illness coloring our perceptions of reality. Simmons saw a small piece of the picture and he illuminated it boldly, much to his credit and to our enlightenment. My sympathies to Mr. Simmons' family, friends and acolytes. I worry more about the politics and economics of oil than I do the supply at this point.
Good job relating the political reality to the reality of world oil production. There is a reason the Saudis have kept their oil data to themselves. Political reality is as much at fault for much of the world's poverty as international consequences of the free market. These aspects are unknown and while oil production will become increasingly more costly and the climate will change what the actual outcomes are at any given time are difficult to determine. Should we be taking these future concerns seriously and taking serious steps today?
My answer even as an optimist is absolutely! I just have no confidence in peoples' models' predictions of when such and such will happen, and in what country. The head of Saudi Aramco has brushed aside 'peak oil' concerns, saying the world has plentiful supply of oil and gas, with a vast quantity of known reserves yet to be tapped and additional resources still to be discovered. But will it matter? The news of Matt Simmons' death was saddening to me. It prompted me to get serious about investing in conventional oil here in Alberta, on the grounds that anything in increasingly short supply could only be a good investment.
Alberta pumps one-third of the conventional crude it did at its peak in despite three times as many wells. It's too bad about the last few months of his life when he made some silly remarks about the Gulf of Mexico spill. It seems obvious now that it wasn't the real Matt speaking but the ghost of some sort of medical problem. His book still stands as his monument though.
So sorry to hear of his passing. I truly enjoyed his hard work and dedication to the education of the masses. Like everyone else, I was shocked by the news. I don't know that I would have ever started writing had I not read Twilight. While I clearly had points of disagreement with Matt, he made a life-long impact on me. My condolences to friends and family. I was headed up to visit him in a couple of weeks:. Oh, Robert, I'm sorry. Nobody needs those kinds of days. My condolences to you, as well as to both families.
My intro to Matt was End of Suburbia. I had learned about PO while volunteering on the McGovern campaign in '72, and had already started to see an occasional "somebody is short of oil" article before Jason Bradford brought EOS to town, so I wasn't terribly surprised by the message. The person who impressed me the most was Matt.
Here's this guy who is the complete opposite of me Not "it'll last for years"? I am saddened by Matt's untimely death. I first started communicating with him in , actually before he was heavily on the peak oil bandwagon. Like Gail, I found him very accessible and open.
His writings in the early 90's were about the conundrum of the oil industry claiming they were going to increase production dramatically, while at the same time not building the new infrastructure necessary and letting the upstream and downstream infrastructure rust. I think he had trouble reconciling that until his discussions, in the late 90's, with Colin Campbell, put the peak oil bug in his head.
He was a brilliant man with incredible analytical skills and i also believe the strange behavior near the end of his life was an aberration. We'll never know now what caused it, but it does not detract, for me, from his earlier work which was incredibly meaningful and instructive.
In the Desert
What a shock. Certainly not the only one to do so, but what I learned from him changed how I look at life here on this amazing planet we call Earth. I first met Matt on the phone in when I contacted his office regarding an interview for a documentary I had just begun making. Not knowing what to expect, I asked his assistant what the procedure was for requesting an interview. I explained that I was doing a film on peak oil and energy security in the 21st century.
At that point she asked if I could hold the line for a minute. About 20 seconds later the hold-audio goes away and I hear I was amazed at his accessibility, his openness and the importance he personally gave this subject, oil depletion. I knew he was a man whose time was quite valuable and found myself really taken by the ease with which he opened up to a complete stranger. When I arrived at his office in Houston it was in the afternoon. I was expecting Matt to sit for about an hour to do the interview. He gave us the rest of the day.
Again, quite giving. This experience has always framed some of the more controversial thing that he said over the years but at the end of the day he will always be someone who helped turn my head in a new direction and I will never look back. The use of this metaphor highlights an important missing element in many PO discussions: oxygen has no substitutes, but oil does. At times he understood that, and talked about measures that should be taken to reduce our reliance on rapidly depleting oil, and at other times he seems to have forgotten it, and framed PO in more disastrous terms.
Simmons was obviously a gentleman among gentlemen and a man who did his fellows a great service. I never had an opportunity to meet him , or even to hear him speak, but I can remember the day I read "Twilight in the Desert". It was hot and humid and I ducked into the local Barnes and Noble in the early afternoon, got a drink and a pastry and hit the shelves I usually go for first-science and nature oriented books.
I usually pick up four or five and browse thru them and buy one or two. I was still there at closing time, deep into "Twilight in the Desert" and I finished it at home before I went to sleep. An autopsy by the state medical examiner's office concluded Monday that he died from accidental drowning with heart disease as a contributing factor. The Times-Picayune obituary linked above includes a guestbook where these appreciative remarks could be posted.
Twilight is organized into a neat, easy-to-follow structure with four main sections. Parts one and two supply background information that is crucial to understanding the technical discussions in parts three and four. The mighty Ghawar field is a case in point. In addition to the SPE papers, Simmons draws on an array of other equally revealing primary sources, chief among them a Senate staff report released in Yet it warned that even at that level the major fields would have tipped into decline before the turn of the century. The result was a confusing maelstrom of contradictory reserves and production numbers that continues to this day.
Oil-producing countries have little to gain by dispelling this veil of secrecy, because doing so would reveal that the geese laying their golden eggs are steadily succumbing to old age. As a result, the policy of secrecy has stuck. The book goes into great depth about the need to break this veil and how that might be done. It calls for an international forum for systematically collecting and reporting worldwide energy data, something for which Simmons had long agitated. As an outspoken peak oiler, Simmons was always something of a provocateur.
At the end of his life, however, he became a loose cannon. The dove as a symbol is on the nose, but their slow stripping off of uniforms for different clothes is subtle and sweet. Season 2, Episode 23 The show primarily hung around the s, but it also loved to dip into the far future and the Old West. This episode chooses all the above with a pioneer leading his family out west. This episode uses an inverted Grandfather Paradox to create a kind story about survival, faith, and brand new antiques.
Hatred and bigotry are on center stage as a small-town sheriff wrings his hands about whether to hang an innocent man. Recognizing it as a cosmic sign, the townspeople express grace and release the man. Just kidding. They live in the Twilight Zone, which is scarily like our own. The haughty Pip Sebastian Cabot plays his guardian angel, who gives him an endless stream of cash, a plush apartment, and attractive women who ask what they can do for him.
Matthew Simmons, Chairman, Simmons & Co. International
A clever twist on reward and torture that grins wide as it shoves the knife in. Serling closes the episode proclaiming that Dachau and other concentration camps must stay standing as monuments to horror so that it may never happen again. Season 1, Episode 30 Gart Williams James Daly hates his modern job, his demanding boss, and his craven wife, and longs for a calmer, simpler time.
Williams ping pongs between the restful strolls through Willoughby and his increasingly grinding life until he decides to get off the train at Willoughby and stay. If you think he found the peace he was looking for, the subtext is optimistic, but the underlying lesson of the episode is troubling if you consider the implications of escaping this world, no matter how appealing another world seems.
Season 1, Episode 1 The very first episode of The Twilight Zone set a standard for themes and elements that would crop up regularly over five seasons: a mysteriously empty city, an isolated man, the military, paranoia, and the hopes and fears of s America. The story follows Mike Ferris Earl Holliman as he more and more frantically explores the diners, streets, and movie theaters of a town where there are tons of signs of human life, but no people. The Twilight Zone , naturally, has another explanation. Season 2, Episode 26 A dearly inventive episode, this tale sees Adam Grant Dennis Weaver found guilty of murder and set for execution.
Twilight of the Arabs
Every night in fact. The thing is, he makes a lot of good points about the irrationality of the world and the people in it. Is he right? Or is he a terrified man deluding himself in his last hours? Which is worse? Season 1, Episode 25 Gleefully wrenching a phrase meant to be sunny, Serling delivers an episode about two astronauts who see things differently. That should go for aliens, too. Conrad a brilliant Roddy McDowall is deeply pessimistic and cynical. Marcusson is killed when they land, so Conrad must interact with the Martians, who surprise him with hospitality and interest.
In a twist that inspired several Star Trek entries, Conrad learns, to his horror, that his colleague was right: people are just as bad wherever you go.
You can feel the heat coming off the screen as Norma Lois Nettleton and her landlady Mrs. Bronson Betty Garde broil inside their New York City apartments, mercury threatening to bust the thermometer glass, the entire earth falling out of orbit and into the sun. Serling was never happier than when he displayed our frailty in the face of doom, especially when the doom dissipated to leave his subjects awkwardly naked in their humiliated safety.
One key example? This story of a group of neighbors who harangue their friend Dr. Bill Stockton Larry Gates for building a bomb shelter in basement only to find themselves desperate for a ticket inside. When a civil defense alarm warns of an incoming nuclear strike, the friendliness of the suburbs erodes into simmering anger, racism, anti-immigrant tirades, and weeping terror that threatens the safety of the only person who thought to build shelter.
The crazy and the sane trade places as quickly as you can press a launch button. Season 1, Episode 7 A stirring portrait of two impossible choices, where most of us use the prospect of a desert island as an excuse to dream up our top five albums or make friends with a volleyball, James Corry Jack Warden is castaway on an asteroid for doing wrong. Season 2, Episode 7 Another Richard Matheson morality play, this time starring William Shatner and Patricia Breslin as honeymooners Don and Pat, whose car breaks down in a small town and needs repairs.
A QUESTION OF IDENTITY
Season 3, Episode 16 This humanely sweet episode tells the story of an old woman who is so afraid of the Grim Reaper that she becomes agoraphobic. The bad news: a demolition team is set to tear down her house in the morning. Enter Robert Redford as a handsome policeman lying outside her door in the snow having been shot, begging this strange woman to save him.
The real life twist: the minute format would be stretched to an hour. The new format was rough, resulting in a lot of duds though the miraculous fifth season would tout some of the best episodes ever. One of the gems is "The Thirty-Fathom Grave," which sees a sailor stricken with crazed fits and delusions after hearing what appears to be the clang of a hammer coming from a long-drowned submarine.
Season 1, Episode 14 In a stellar Cold War thriller, a group of scientists plan to hijack a rocket in order to escape a world on the cusp of H-bomb-induced doom. When their boss finds out their plan, the timeline gets bumped up and the sweat starts to pour.
Related Lesson Plans Twilight in the Desert
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