In a history of the city, author Vaughn Grisham Jr. Blacks had a history of voting and organizing for better wages, and an NAACP office opened without incident in The Daily Journal was progressive on race, advocating for integration and against white violence, in the name of economic development. Jack Reed Sr. Tupelo is famous for being the birthplace of Elvis Presley. Jack Reed Jr. In the wake of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Reed Sr. Even today, nearly all students attend public schools, which are roughly half black and half white. No white students chose to attend Carver.
But five blacks — including Dowsing, a junior, and football teammate David Adams — made the brave decision to desegregate THS. While they worried Dowsing might not see the field at powerhouse Carver, he could be a star for the Golden Wave. There to greet them, conspicuous in a sea of blank stares, was the smiling face of student government vice president Jack Reed Jr. But eventually, his friends and family say, Dowsing won over most of his new classmates. He excelled in sports, sang in the chorus, played a wise man in the Christmas pageant, dominated 4-H speech competitions.
Jack helped lead a campaign to induct Frank Dowsing into the Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame, which was succeeded in He made it all look easy. His sister, Virginia, a student at Jackson State University at the time, knew better. Holomon said a particularly tough English teacher later admitted to giving her failing grades simply because she was black. It hurt so much to be considered a non-person, it hurt so much to be told these other people are so much better than you.
And you kept all of that on the inside because you knew if you let it out you could end up like Emmett Till. Frank knew how to hold his tongue in the face of adversity.
One classmate emerged bloodied from a gymnasium brawl after confronting a rival basketball fan who made derogatory comments about Dowsing. The night before the state track meet in , Beasley shared a room with Dowsing at the Holiday Inn in Greenwood. The night was interrupted by the shouts and slurs from white men outside their room who threw stones at the door and threatened to rough up Dowsing if he showed up the next morning. Dowsing did show up, won all five races he entered and set a state record in the meters. Bryant recruited Dowsing heavily, and up until the night before signing day, everyone thought Dowsing was headed to Tuscaloosa.
Mississippi State coach Charles Shira made one last effort, dispatching a young assistant basketball coach and ticket office worker named Kermit Davis to Palmetto. But when he got home around midnight, his wife told him Dowsing had just called: He was coming to Mississippi State.
Cupcakes, Trinkets, and Other Deadly Magic by Meghan Ciana Doidge
The Tide won three national championships in the s, while Mississippi State was dreadful. Rock bottom came in when the Bulldogs lost at Houston. Along with Ken Phares, they were a trio of defensive backs who arrived with great fanfare and even a nickname: Black Dowsing , White Phares and In-between Petro, who is Lebanese.
Dowsing experienced a different brand of racism on campus. White students were content with a status quo that applauded their supremacy, and nods to the Old South were everywhere, from the Confederate flags at the Kappa Alpha fraternity house to statues honoring Lost Cause generals. The lack of social opportunities was a common complaint, as was the apathy of white students and administrators at a time when many other universities were bubbling with protest. By the time Dowsing arrived in , black students had organized to take their first steps to address institutional racism.
When these students took the rods in their own hands and walked over the place where they believed the water pipe to be, they unconsciously made tiny muscle movements that caused the unstable rods the cross. They emphatically denied that they had done anything intentionally to make the rods move.
Indeed, many insisted that they could feel the rods moving of their own accord, driven by some outside force. The sticking response on the rubbing plate is even more compelling in this regard. This is sufficient to increase the friction between their fingers and the rubbing surface. The subjective experience for most students is eerie and they insist that they are doing nothing on purpose to make the sticking occur.
Carpenter in . Later the concept was more widely publicized by the Harvard physician-turned-psychologist William James . Carpenter wanted to show that a variety of currently popular phenomena had conventional scientific explanations rather than the widely believed supernatural ones.
The phenomena he tackled included dowsing "water witching" , the magic pendulum, certain aspects of mesmerism, spiritualists' "table turning," and Reichenbach's "Odylic force. He only disputed the explanation, arguing that, "All the phenomena of the 'biologized' state, when attentively examined, will be found to consist in the occupation of the mind by the ideas which have been suggested to it, and in the influence which these ideas exert upon the actions of the body.
He published many books and articles during the latter half of the nineteenth century expounding his ideas about ideomotor action [6,7]. William James  elaborated upon Carpenter's ideas, asserting that ideomotor activity was the basic process underlying all volitional behavior: "Wherever a movement unhesitatingly and immediately follows upon the idea of it, we have ideomotor action. We are then aware of nothing between the conception and the execution.
All sorts of neuromuscular responses come between, of course, but we know absolutely nothing of them. We think the act, and it is done; and that is all that introspection tells us of the matter. Probably the first major scientist to become concerned about the mischief being created by ideomotor action, although he did not know the concept by this name, was the French chemist Michel Chevreul.
Chevreul, who lived for one hundred three years, became interested in the experiments of some of his fellow chemists around the beginning of the nineteenth century. These colleagues were using what was known as "the exploring pendulum" to analyze chemical compounds. The first recorded use of the exploring pendulum occurred around C.
A priest would bow over a plate, the edge of which was marked with the letters of the alphabet. This "diviner" or "oracle" would hold a ring, suspended from a thin thread, over the center of the plate. A question would be put to the priest. The movements of the ring would then be observed. When the ring was set in motion, it would swing toward one of the letters. This letter would be recorded; then the same process would be used to select another letter.
This would continue until one or more words, which answered the question, would be generated. In this, we see the origins of the modern Ouija board, used to this day by occultists for divining purposes .
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In the early nineteenth century, certain chemists were advocating this method for analyzing the composition of substances. In , a Professor Gerboin of Strasbourg wrote an entire book on use of the pendulum for chemical analysis . As a budding scientist, Chevreul was intrigued, but he remained skeptical. He was surprised, however, to find that the pendulum worked as advertised when he tried it over a dish of mercury.
He carried out more tests, however. To see if a physical force was responsible for the movement of the pendulum, he placed a glass plate between the iron ring and the mercury. To his surprise, the oscillations diminished and then stopped.
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When he removed the glass plate, the pendulum movements resumed. He next suspected that the pendulum moved because it was difficult to hold his arm steady. When he rested his arm on a support, the movements diminished but did not stop altogether. Finally, Chevreul did what none of his predecessors had thought of doing. He conducted the equivalent of what we would call a double-blind trial. He blindfolded himself and then he had an assistant interpose or remove the glass plate between the pendulum and the mercury without his knowledge.
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Under these conditions, nothing happened. Chevreul concluded, "So long as I believed the movement possible, it took place; but after discovering the cause I could not reproduce it. Chevreul was one of France's most prestigious scientists by the time he conducted these investigations. By the s, table-turning also called table-tilting or table-rapping had become the rage among spiritualists, both in North America and in Europe.
In a typical session, a small group of persons, usually called "sitters," would sit around a table with their hands resting upon its top. After an extended period of expectant waiting, a rap would be heard or the table would tilt upon one leg. Sometimes the table would sway and begin moving about the room, dragging the sitters along. Occasionally, sitters would claim that the table actually levitated off the floor. Table-turning was what first attracted many prominent scientists to the investigation of psychic phenomena.
During the summer of , several English scientists decided to investigate this phenomenon. Contemporary theories attributed table-turning to such things as electricity, magnetism, "attraction," the rotation of the earth, and Karl von Reichenbach's "Odylic force. A committee of four medical men held seances in June to investigate . They discovered that the table did not move when the sitters' attention was diverted; nor did it move when they had not formed a common expectation about how the table should move.
The table would not move if half the sitters expected it to move to the right and the other half expected it to move to the left. The conclusion was formed that the motion was due to muscular action, mostly exercised unconsciously. The most publicized and carefully controlled study of table-turning was reported by Michael Faraday in Faraday obtained the cooperation of participants who he knew to be "very honorable" and who were also "successful table-movers.
Faraday first looked into the possibility that the movements were due to known forces such as electricity or magnetism. He showed that sandpaper, millboard, glue, glass, moist clay, tinfoil, cardboard, vulcanized rubber, and wood did not interfere with the table's movements. From these initial tests, he concluded that, "No form of experiment or mode of observation that I could devise gave me the slightest indication of any peculiar force.
No attraction, or repulsion. By then, Faraday suspected that his sitters were unconsciously pushing the table in the desired direction. However, his sitters firmly maintained that they were not the source of the table movements. And, as already mentioned, Faraday was satisfied that his sitters were "very honorable. He placed four or five pieces of slippery cardboard, one on top of the other, upon the table. The sheets were attached to one another by little pellets of a soft cement. The bottommost sheet was attached to a piece of sandpaper that rested against the table top.
This stack of cardboard sheets was approximately the size of the table top with the topmost layer being slightly larger than the table top. The edge of each layer in this cardboard sandwich slightly overlapped the one below. To mark their original positions, Faraday drew a pencil line across these exposed concentric borders of the cardboard sheets, on their under surface.
The stack of cardboard sheets was secured to the table top by large rubber bands which insured that when the table moved, the sheets would move with it. However, the bands allowed sufficient play to permit the individual sheets of cardboard to move somewhat independently of one another. The sitter then placed his hands upon the surface of the top cardboard layer and waited for the table to move in the direction previously agreed upon.
Faraday reasoned that if the table moved to the left, and the source of the movement was the table and not the sitter, the table would move first and drag the successive layers of cardboard along with it, sequentially, from bottom to top, but with a slight lag. If this were the case, the displaced pencil marks would reveal a staggered line sloping outwards from the left to the right. On the other hand, if the sitter was unwittingly moving the table, then his hands would push the top cardboard to the left and the remaining cardboards and the table would be dragged along successively, from top to bottom.
This would result in displacement of the pencil marks in a staggered line sloping from right to left. Faraday observed that, "It was easy to see by displacement of the parts of the line that the hand had moved further from the table, and that the latter had lagged behind -- that the hand, in fact, had pushed the upper card to the left and that the under cards and the table had followed and been dragged by it.
Faraday's report was sufficient to convince most scientists that table-turning and related phenomena did not stem from new physical forces or occult powers. Unfortunately, it inadvertently had the opposite effect upon a few prominent scientists such as Alfred Russel Wallace, the cofounder with Darwin of the theory of evolution by natural selection. Wallace had his first encounter with "the phenomena of Spiritualism" in the summer of He was seated with other sitters around a table. The table behaved in ways that he was sure could not be entirely explained by Faraday's findings and Carpenter's theory of ideomotor action.
Faraday's research only dealt with one of the many possible causes of table movements.
Indeed, in the original seances using tables, the movements were caused not by ideomotor action but by various cheating methods employed by fraudulent mediums and their accomplices. In addition, many converts' testimonials were obtained under conditions that tend to exaggerate normal human biases and result in sincere but mistaken reports of things that never actually happened.
Wallace experienced gyrations of the table that he was sure could not be handled by Faraday's findings. In his mind, this showed that skeptical scientists such as Faraday cannot be trusted to discover and fairly report upon truly revolutionary phenomena [11,12]. This tendency to dismiss a skeptical investigation because it cannot account for every instance of an alleged class of paranormal phenomena is what I call loopholism -- the tendency to seek out each and every loophole in a skeptical account as a way to protect one's belief in a cherished supernatural or pseudoscientific claim.
Wallace was familiar with Faraday's report. However, he seized upon the differences between the table's behavior in Faraday's experiment and what he had witnessed to assert that what Faraday had explained and what Wallace had experienced were not the same thing. Perhaps the most striking, and saddest, example of loopholism is the story of the eminent American chemist, Robert Hare. Hare was professor emeritus of chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania when he became involved with table-turning in , at age According to Isaac Asimov , Hare was "one of the few strictly American products who in those days could be considered within hailing distance of the great European chemists.
In his letter to the paper, on July 27, , Hare firmly rejected the possibility that some exotic force could produce movement of wooden tables. He wrote, "I recommend to your attention, and that of others interested in this hallucination, Faraday's observations and experiments, recently published in some of our respectable newspapers.
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I entirely concur in the conclusions of that distinguished expounder of Nature's riddles. Amasa Holcombe and a Dr. Comstock replied to Hare's letter and invited him to attend a table-turning session. Comstock appealed to Hare's sense of fairness by asking him to observe and test the phenomena for himself rather than rely upon Faraday's report. Accepting the invitation, Hare attended a "circle" at a private house. He describes his experience as follows:. Vancouver, British Columbia Canada. Other Editions Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.
Susie Should be read in order and if possible to include the other two series into that order. I have now read them twice. The first time I read all the …more Should be read in order and if possible to include the other two series into that order. The first time I read all the Dowser series, and then the Oracle books and finally the Reconstructionist. Although each series will stand alone, there is some overlap and when read in the order Meghan recommends they you will get all the references. I reread them in her suggested reading order and realized I had missed things.
I almost never re-read books as there are way too many books out there I want to read. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Jan 27, Mimi rated it it was ok Shelves: paranormal-romance , vaginal-fantasy , not-for-me , More than 2 but definitely less than 3 stars. I didn't enjoy the read, but I didn't hate it either. I'm mostly neutral toward the story as a whole. Well, I'm mostly neutral toward a lot of things these days, and this book just happened to catch me at a bad time.
Going through another reading slump and haven't been able to find anything un-put-down-able. If you like baking, sweets, baking sweets, Vancouver, and some romance and magic in your urban fantasy, then you might like this book. You migh More than 2 but definitely less than 3 stars. You might even think it's cute, and I suppose it is. It's a light fluffy dessert that, while not for my particular salty palate, can be enjoyable for people who like Sarah Addison Allen's books. View 2 comments. Cute book.
The surprise twist ends up being pretty darn obvious, and there is some trouble with pacing. Sometimes the story drags and other times too much seems to happen too quickly. I think it could have benefited from some stricter editing every sentence in the prose that starts with, "yes, I They're annoying, unnecessary and happen way too often. The narrator, Jade, is a bit too little-miss-perfect for my tastes gorgeous, gifted, is good at everything, has a line- Cute book. The narrator, Jade, is a bit too little-miss-perfect for my tastes gorgeous, gifted, is good at everything, has a line-out-the-door successful bakery at 23, and everyone loves her , but I did like she had obvious problems with her multiple, super hunky love interests being super stalky.
Which, unfortunately, strays from the norm for the genre. And while, as a baker myself, I can appreciate the time, detail, and realism in describing the cupcakes, there were times it was a bit much. Still, the book is focused more on magic lore and action than the many hunks, which is also a refreshing change from this sort of female-geared urban fantasy book. And if it was pared down just a little bit more, I'd find Jade's voice much more entertaining.
I always did love snarky main characters. Overall, it's a good beach read, but nothing overly special. Although I do have this to say: who has a problem with the smell of a bakery? View 1 comment. Meghan, Meghan, Meghan!
I am expecting cupcake stocks to sail through the roof, and a run on cupcake ingredients at local markets just from reading this book. OK, listen to this. Bliss in a Cup - peanut butter-iced fudge cake did I say fudge cake? OMG wait a sec, I have to go get a towel. Oh, yes. Sex in a Cup - chocolate butter icing with a wallop of cinnamon and cocoa in the batter.
Or, this particular favorite of mine, Buzz in a Cup - mocha fudge cake with mocha butter icing. Jade is a sweetheart. A nice young half witch, half human maybe. A very popular cupcake bakery with a reputation for 'magical' tasting cupcakes. She has a quiet life, happy with her baking, her trinket making and her quiet, apparently fulfilling life.
Then, of course, things change. And not in a nice way. Poor Jade. Life will never be the same. Apparently she isn't who she thought she was. But then, who is she? Cupcakes, hot werewolves, cupcakes, mystery, oh, did I mention cupcakes? Yummy, luscious, delicious, chocolate, fudge.
The hardest thing about reading the book? First, I am dying for cupcakes now. And second? Write the next one, Meghan! Highly recommended. Jan 27, Jessi rated it did not like it Shelves: vaginal-fantasy.
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This was Vaginal Fantasy's pick for February, and although the cover told me to avoid it, I figure I'd try it out. Maybe examine why I was so reluctant to read a book with such a cutesy cover. Well, it turns out this book is kind of offensively bad. It oscillates between "inane facebook post" and "needlessly cryptic DeviantArt entry. For chick lit, it's almost entirely devoid of chicks, and the ones that do exist seem to all be pitted against each other in the long run. Kind of offensive, weirdly. No thanks. I tried. This book is an extremely short introduction spanning decades to the Land of Winds series, preceding installment 1 entitled, "The Wizard of Suomen".
The main theme seems to be the fear of magic by the majority of those in the village. However, Luule bears of the mark of the witch and are able to wield magic and is called on to use her magical ability through the use of fire from her fingertips to light the pyres at funerals. Otherwise, she is despised, rejected, taunted, and harassed by all,. Otherwise, she is despised, rejected, taunted, and harassed by all, except by her loving mother. When her mother dies, leaving her alone, she is faced with even more struggles and loneliness than ever before.
That is until their village is attacked and she uses her magic to help save some of the residents. This book is super short and does not have enough length to properly build a sturdy foundation for a series, aside from the introduction of the heroine and the dramatic conflict that threatens the village and the only way of life she has ever known.
I also agree the writing style was somewhat juvenile. I really didn't appreciate the special language at all, either. Jun 23, Sara rated it really liked it. I found this book for free on bookbub awhile back and I finally decided to read it. I thought it was a cute tale, similar to The Discovery of Witches but with a few twists! I did manage to figure out who the bad guy was early on, but i still enjoyed this one. I'll definitely be purchasing the second book! It is hard not to like a main character who speaks frequently of chocolate and cupcakes, and you wouldn't dislike her regardless - Jade is a good girl who you are happy to root for, while she tries to wade through the swamp that is her sweet, simple life turned upside down.
This book is definitely my favorite Meghan Doidge book so far - even more than After the Virus. I am not sure if her writing has evolved, because the writing has always been good; I think it is more the right, dare I say it The drama and action are both enough to keep you up past your bedtime, but not so unrelenting that you feel tempted to roll your eyes. There is one plot development that might be considered a twist, except it did not come as a surprise. Honestly I am not sure if it was really meant to - we as readers are the observers after all, not the characters who themselves might be struck with surprise at some turns of events.
I don't personally think it is an author's duty to always make such reveals a surprise unless they set out explicitly to do so rather it is to make the watching of events unfolding ingeresting regadless of whether we saw anything coming. That definitely succeeds in this book - when I began reading the book's climax, despite having expected the development, I was actually so engrosseed I got some extra time on the treadmill without even noticing.
I can't wait for book 2! Although Buzz in a Cup sounds mighty tempting too! View all 7 comments. Nov 16, Yodamom rated it liked it Shelves: audio , free , library , werewolves , witches , shifters , vampires. Vampires, Werewolves, shifters, necromancers and witches oh my. It was a cute cozy type para-mystery read with a few grizzly bits, a good introduction into this world of baked goodies and supernaturals. I give very few 5 star ratings.
Mostly because I figure there's always a little room for improvement but also because it's very few that knock my socks off AND knock me over. This book did that! I love the voice I love the story Oh how I wish I could be her! She thinks she's half-witch I give very few 5 star ratings.
She thinks she's half-witch, half-human I have no idea. She still doesn't know either, and the mystery of it is also delicious. I love that this included vampires and werewolves but that they weren't the focus of the story. As in, they weren't the protagonist. And they both seemed out to help her, not eat her. I get tired of the typical vampire story pretty fast but this wasn't like that.
I loved the dialogue between the main character, Jade, and her sister. It was so typically like siblings that it always made me laugh. I loved that the obvious mentors, Mom and Grandma, weren't around to rescue Jade or make things easy on her. She's finding out who she is and WHAT she is, and in the meantime making the most awesome sounding cupcakes ever. I want to buy those cupcakes. How cool is that? Not too long, not too short, great pace, fun dialogue and a mystery too.
What's not to like? Now excuse me, I have to go find a cupcake. Jan 04, MadameMelli rated it it was ok Shelves: books-i-own , ebook , neu I did it! I finally finished this book! It was quite a mess. The most interesting fact: the beginning and the end were really good!
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