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The difference between personal and professional ethics
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Username Error: Please enter User Name. Password Error: Please enter Password. Best Value. Erickson notes a number of issues that can arise during symptom management at EOL. As with much of the care provided along the cancer continuum, interdisciplinary work is crucial at EOL as well. Both Ferrell and Erickson stress that using the expertise of team members during the late stages of disease can help eliminate potential ethical issues and encourage patients and their families to understand, cope, and accept an uncertain or limited prognosis. In these cases, nurses must advocate for the rights and autonomy of their patients.
The Ethical Principle of Beneficence as Satisfaction
Nurses are in a unique position to help family members and caregivers understand. They will strive for self-improvement and will live their lives to the fullest. They will be the kind of person that others want to be like. Above all else, they will flourish. Aristotle sees virtues as character traits and tendencies to act in a particular way. We gain them through practice and by copying 'moral exemplars' until we manage to internalize the virtue.
We become temperate by practicing temperance, courageous by practicing courage, and so on. Eventually, the virtue becomes a habit. Aristotle sees both traits as vicious. The virtuous person will know how much they can drink without having too much or teetotaling. The courageous person is aware of the danger but goes in any way. Aristotle would view the person who never drinks just as harshly as the one who drinks too much. It rests between stinginess and vulgarity. Aristotle sees no reason to be ascetic but also warns against being flashy.
It is a given that you also have to act on this sense of self-worth and strive for greatness. The patient person must neither get too angry nor fail to get angry when they should. Aristotle places it between the vices of habitual lying and being tactless or boastful. It lies between selfishness and selflessness. This virtue can also be applied in different situations and has a whole chapter dedicated to the various forms it can take. Each virtue is the midpoint between a vice of deficiency red and excess blue. The virtuous person will tend to the center. Aristotle sees ethics as more of an art than a science, and his explanations purposely lack specifics.
We have to learn what the right approach to a situation is as part of our moral development. He also doesn't mean to say that we can't break the rules. This makes virtue ethics more flexible than deontological systems of ethics but also harder to use since we have to determine when we can lie, get angry, or be prideful on our own. Keep in mind that this list was designed for upper class, Greek men who had a decent education and a fair amount of luck. The virtue of magnificence, for example, would be impossible for a person of limited means to practice.
Most of the virtues on the list always have relevance to us though. We must all face danger at some point, so we must ask how to be courageous.
Ethical Dilemmas at the End of Life | ONS Voice
We must all deal with other people, so we must ask how to be friendly. We all get angry, so we must ask how to be patient. The virtues Aristotle lists remain relevant even if the world they were created for has long vanished. While the exact nature of what the good life is and how to reach it is subject to never-ending debate, the ideas of great minds are always relevant.
The relationship between parks and crime remains the subject of debate.
Researchers hope the technology will further our understanding of the brain, but lawmakers may not be ready for the ethical challenges. The image of an undead brain coming back to live again is the stuff of science fiction. Not just any science fiction, specifically B-grade sci fi. What instantly springs to mind is the black-and-white horrors of films like Fiend Without a Face.
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Bad acting. Plastic monstrosities. Visible strings. And a spinal cord that, for some reason, is also a tentacle? But like any good science fiction, it's only a matter of time before some manner of it seeps into our reality. This week's Nature published the findings of researchers who managed to restore function to pigs' brains that were clinically dead.
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