Dispatches from Vancouver: A Non-Traditional Sports Fan in Americas View of the XXI Winter Olympiad


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Lauscher argues that the luge run was fair, that Canada had followed the rules in allowing athletes from other coun- tries time to practice, and that the track had passed multiple inspections by the International Luge Federation, as well as by other bodies. Moreover, Canadian ath- letes familiar with the track were in effect penalized when the starting lines were moved further down in order to slow the speed of the race.

Berry agrees that the media seized on the contention that the Whistler track was unsafe and focused on criticism of the Vancouver Olympic Committee. Moreover, users of social media gen- erally do not share the ethical codes written and unwritten that have tradition- ally governed professional journalism. Berry further points to changes in the media industry that conspired to impoverish the quality of reporting, from the plight of reporters who, during the Olympics, must cover sports such as luge with which they are unfamiliar to the pervasive reluctance on the part of news media to be seen as critical of the Olympics — the result, in part, of complex power dynamics at work among Olympic organizers, the Olympic Broadcasting Media Consortium, and host countries.

I am aware, however, as is Aritha van Herk, that horses are frequently injured or killed and that the breath- taking speed and aggressiveness of the chucks sometimes result in horrendous crashes. As van Herk notes, the equipment and the rules have been repeatedly changed in an effort to make the races safer, and, as valuable animals, the horses are well cared for, even pampered. All the same, chuckwagon racing is dangerous. Much like hockey and many other sports, the chucks celebrate and reassert trad- itional masculine values of physical strength, bravery, and hard work, as well as the drive to dominate not only others but nature itself.

At the same time, sports give us something to hold on to, to marvel at, to be loyal to, and to transport us far from our daily concerns. In a world of uncertainty and impermanence, sport takes us back to something basic — the power and beauty of the human body and the potential for physical triumph. In the face of the commercialization and professionalization of sport, however, as well as the growing confusion between athletics and entertain- ment, we perhaps need to ask ourselves whether we still fully understand what it is were cheering for — what message we are communicating.

This is how I have long viewed the job that became my career. Then again, I suppose the true beauty of sport is happenstance. No matter how coaches and managers try to organize, control, and dictate their games, they cannot know the outcome until it arrives. I had played sports, coached sports, and even dabbled in writing about sports — several magazine profiles, even a novel about a hockey player in his last season — but my beat was the country and, more specifically, Parliament Hill.

Fine, I said, so long as the newspaper allows me to expense it. The first year of covering the hapless Senators was, simply, a delight. Most of the players were new to the National 31 doi:io. One, Darren Rumble, showed up at the airport for his first road trip carrying a pillow and a brown paper bag filled with ham-and-cheese sandwiches, as had become his habit on minor-league bus trips. Sports fans are, however, keenly interested in their games and their teams. This discovery goes back, one might argue, to Homer waxing poetic about wrestling, but sports reporting as we know it had its birth in the s, with coverage of horse racing and boxing, and soon included coverage of new team sports — in particular, baseball.

Basketball, football, and, in Canada, hockey soon followed. This, and the fact that sports did not advertise — there was no need to, with the newspapers so eager to promote upcom- ing games — may well have sown the seeds for the continuing conflicts of interest between those who cover sports and those who play for and own sports teams. This should be of grave concern to sports journalists, editors, readers, and view- ers — yet it seems to be of precious little, if any, concern at all. It appears that the rules of sports journalism — if, in fact, there are rules at all — are not necessarily the rules of journalism.

What has happened in hockey, the sport that is of greatest interest to readers and viewers in Canada, is that the pendulum that usually rests between storytelling and minutiae has swung dramatically in the direction of minutiae in recent years. This is not mentioned as a condemnation of such small news or, indeed, of the conveyors of such information.

But they will know even the nicknames of those on the panels. When someone like McKenzie breaks details on, say, the length of a suspension, then that is to be admired, the insider doing what he does best. Troubles in the Toy Department 33 doi:io.


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Their game descriptions and post-game interview coverage is often as good as any of the independent journalists working the beats. Again, though, the question arises: Will they criticize when criticism is due — even if that criticism is not wanted? Social media itself supplies some value, which was evident in the recent NHL lockout, where the anger and con- tempt for the behaviour of the league and its players was far more visible than could ever be found on the networks, with their various ties to the NHL, NHL Players Association, and individual teams.

This is not the raging of a complete Luddite. I love what the Internet makes possible, admire those who use social media effectively, and appreciate the power of Twitter, even if I refrain from using it to tell followers what I am eating.

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But that power of Twitter, and the drive to be first above all, can have terrible repercussions, as was seen a few years ago when former NHL coach Pat Burns was declared dead while still very much alive. There is also great confusion among tweeters who believe that simply by typing and sending, they become journalists. In April , Burke launched defamation proceedings against eighteen anonymous tweet- ers and bloggers. Liebling — is even more disturbing. Do those who exchange the insider minutiae get anything in return?

Hits, newspapers will one day realize, are not circulation. But someone needs to tell us about the players. A generation ago, virtually all Canadians knew and recognized the promising youngsters with the Edmonton Oilers; today, it is only their names that are known, since they are mentioned by reporters who have become far larger celebrities. Someone needs to tell us how the game is being played and coached, and how, rightly or wrongly, it is evolving.

They must set up games, tweet from morning skates, transcribe tape, blog from the rink, upload video that no one watches, talk to the endless radio stations that call looking for usually free chatter, and file, file, file. There is no longer time for that leisurely chat with play- ers that used to produce such considered thought or insight. This is most unfortunate for both sports storytellers and sports consumers. Because content matters more than, and must not be confused with, substance and because content is defined by volume, sports has increasingly turned to sta- tistics, so many of which are meaningless.

Some are of interest and value, such as ice time. People have gotten buried under the numbers. That has become everything. Pitch count is more interesting than what the guy is made of. Some of the impact has been good and some not so good. Social media has, however, undeniably changed sports journalism. When Deford gave the Red Smith Lecture in Journalism at the University of Notre Dame in , he tried to convey a sense of the change he had seen since he began in That world I stumbled into in was already on the cusp of being manhandled by technology.

It ended with the Internet. It still takes it seriously, but in a profoundly different manner. Sports remains a large part of the paper — now struggling, as are all newspapers, to survive circulation decline — and naturally, the Web is seen as a significant part of any solution. Sports reportage there is now measured by the number of hits a story receives on the Web, with daily discussions about how the number of hits might be increased.

Feature stories — old-fashioned storytelling — are considered poor fare for hits in a world Troubles in the Toy Department 37 doi:io. It does not take a rocket scientist to understand that the audience out there for such material is the gambling world, whether by direct betting on real games or through the vast growth of vanity sports leagues. This is not the journalism most of us signed up for. Yet perhaps we should have seen it coming. Now, however, the list of broadcasters owning teams and reporting on them is virtually endless. One example among many is an NHL team in California that pays the costs of a reporter coming on the road with them; the newspaper has no problem with this obvious conflict that, sadly, hearkens back to the very origins of sports journalism.

Back in , a young journalism student, Damien Cox — now a sports columnist for the Toronto Star — wrote a piece on well-known sports broadcaster Pat Marsden for the Ryerson Review of Journalism. Cox had the audacity to raise the question of journalistic responsibility in sports broadcasting. What was more important — increasing the audience or informing the audience?

Sports reporting is indeed in the busi- ness of mass appeal, and sports journalism is a sidebar at best.

Table of contents

Minutiae rules instead. Sportswriting remains so popular — one word. Sports stories — two words, are disappearing. There will be no dearth of easy access to box scores and statistics and dugout gossip. No, no need to worry, fans: All that stuff will continue to be well cov- ered. It is the good stories, and, even worse, the good investigative journal- ism, that we will lose. The profession is still burdened with hacks who make tin-can gods out of cast-iron jerks. Today, the profession is burdened by not knowing what it is or what it should be.

What it once was is undeniably gone. Liebling noted back in The sports writer is not expected merely to tell what happened. Upon small, coiled springs of fact, he builds up a great padded mattress of words. His readers flop themselves down upon this Beautyrest and escape into a dream world where most of the characters are titanic heroes, devouring monsters, or gargantuan buffoons, and the rest are clean, high-type, aristo- cratic sportsmen who own yachts, racing stables, or baseball clubs and are occasionally depicted as setting up schnapps for the scribes [sports writers].

Both should go hand in hand in any type of journalism, not just sports journalism. Much good work is still being done today, although it has to be sought out in locations with holding capacities far beyond that of Twitter. If this is not a concern among sports consumers, it should be. On Canada, see W. Few sports fans across the country probably even know who he is. This anonymity in the Canadian sports landscape is shared by the co-occupant of the second-place slot on the Globe list, George Cope.

Yet Mohamed, the former head of Rogers Communications Inc. At the top of that list are executives at Rogers and BCE. Not only are these companies Canadas largest and third-largest wireless and Internet service provid- ers; they own the two major sports specialty TV channels, Sportsnet and TSN and the French-language Reseau des Sports, RDS , as well as sports radio net- works and, in the Rogers case, Sportsnet Magazine, the Canadian challenger to the 41 doi:io.

BCE also owns the over-the-air television network CTV and its twenty-eight stations; more than thirty specialty channels; more than three dozen radio stations; dozens of websites, including the Sympatico. Rogers owns the CITY-TV network and five multicultural OMNI television stations; fifty-five radio stations across Canada; and more than fifty consumer magazines and trade publi- cations, including well-known titles such as Macleans , Chatelaine, and Canadian Business. But the presence and influence of BCE and Rogers in Canadian sports extends far beyond their media activities to ownership of major professional teams in the country and the buildings and facilities where they play.

Their reach even extends beyond their sole and joint ownership of media and teams, BCE at the time also owned 15 percent of the Globe and Mail newspaper. The CBC has remained a significant presence in the sports world, primarily through its Hockey Night in Canada programming, but that ended in There are about 12 million subscribers to cable or satellite tele- vision in Canada, and about 9.

Through the first few months of , TSN had an average per-minute audience of about ,, while Sportsnet averaged about 96,, a gain of 20 percent from a year earlier. Rogers, of course, has exclusive rights to the Blue Jays. While an even split of games is a solution that one might expect from those most comfortable around the table of a corporate boardroom, it has created prob- lems. The broadcasting split leaves fans in the dark, for instance, about which Leaf games are on which network and when.

Further strain is likely from the NHL deal. TSN thought it had an inside track for renewal and was shocked when the league and Rogers signed their exclusive agreement covering all media and giving Rogers sole rights to the NHL in Canada on television, radio, and mobile devices, as well as online. Sunday night hockey will join Saturday night, with weeknight games as well, on Sportsnet. TSN, which built its audience through a decade of NHL rights, will be reduced to carrying regional games involving a couple of Canadian teams, including the Ottawa Senators.

Television ratings were also down for the first two months of the season, thanks in part to another struggling season for the Maple Leafs. The Hall of Mirrors 43 doi:io. The price that Sportsnet charges cable and satellite distributors will certainly rise.


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  • Once viewers have the option after March to buy single channels rather than the current bundle of channels expect Sportsnet to be much more expensive. Finally, Rogers wants to use the NHL to increase the number of people choosing Rogers as their mobile carrier for cellphones and tablets. Rogers would love to find a way to force anyone who wants to watch hockey on a mobile device to subscribe to its services.

    Indeed, it is already doing that. It has also signed a ten-year agreement with Hockey Canada as exclusive broadcaster of international hockey, including the popular World Junior championship that runs annually in the end-of-year holiday season. TSN also has an agreement with the Canadian Curling Association to cover the national championships for men and women. Rogers, too, is buying and creating content, such as the Grand Slam of Curling. Online TSN is the clear leader in page views, while Rogers is integrating its Sportsnet Magazine writers into its online sites to catch up.

    After two years, Rogers says its magazine has approximately seventy thousand subscribers, twenty thousand less than Sports Illustrated in Canada. Regular increases in the monthly of cost of cable and satellite TV packages mean that some consumers cannot or no longer want to pay for both cable or satellite and Internet service at home.

    That is helped by the growing popularity of online broadcasters such as Netflix and of television programming delivered through the Internet. That means larger audiences delivered to advertisers and more revenue for broadcasters. Viewers can now watch almost all programming, other than breaking news, at their convenience, not just when the program is initially broadcast. They have also moved beyond TV screens to smart phones, computers, and tablets — hence, the rise of Netflix, YouTube, and other online viewing platforms, which provide both legal and pirated programming that has drained TV audiences.

    That is not true, though, for sports. Fans want to watch the game live, not twelve hours or two days later, and they still watch primarily on television. Live coverage of the action in high definition on big-screen television helps promote everything from fantasy leagues and fan support to gambling, both legal and illegal. In Canada, that is demonstrated categorically by fan devotion to the National Hockey League, even though it has been more than twenty years since a Canadian team, the Montreal Canadiens, last won the Stanley Cup, in Throughout the hundred-day player lockout by the league in , which caused a shorted forty-eight-game down from the normal eighty-two games season that began in mid- January, prognosticators and public opinion pollsters all predicted league- television doom.

    The league had one of its best years ever, both in ticket sales and TV ratings. In Canada, audience numbers were strong from the moment the The Hall of Mirrors 45 doi:io. That was also their last playoff appearance. From a low point of an average of 20, fans per home game at the Rogers Centre in , twenty-sixth best in the thirty-team league, the Blue Jays were twelfth best in average home attendance in Rogers creates a harmonious commercial circle by spending to improve the team, which is then promoted through more coverage across more of its radio, television, magazine, and online outlets, leading to bigger home game crowds and larger TV and online audiences — all of which means more revenue and presumably greater profit for Rogers.

    In that paid off as the Blue Jays returned to baseball's post-season playoffs, selling out 20 of their last 21 home games and with season attendance of 2. Sportsnet also reported its highest ratings ever, which translated into more advertising revenue. It is also the key to revenue growth for Rogers and BCE through their individual wireless and Internet services.

    But how far can each corporation go in restricting access to sports coverage online and on mobile devices to their own wireless subscribers? Determining what is fair and what is anti-competitive and then enforcing fair access and competition is the chal- lenge faced by the federal broadcast regulator, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission CRTC.

    At the moment, a wireless provider can restrict to it own subscribers only content created exclusively for the mobile market. The pressure to broaden the definition of what can be offered only to sub- scribers has already started with Game Plus being part of the Rogers NHL deal. Television exposure and the ability to deliver audiences to advertisers and sponsors can provide more money for Olympic sports, teams, and athletes that now struggle for public attention and support.

    By the final year of the agreement, as many as twenty-seven separate events could be covered by Sportsnet. Other elements include a commitment by universities across the country to raise the profile of their teams and events in their local markets, piggybacking on the national publicity and exposure Lafontaine hoped the Sportsnet deal would provide for teams and athletes. Keeping the best university athletes in Canada rather than seeing them head to the United States for sports scholarships, and supporting them here at home with high-level coaching, competition, and media coverage is his prescription for raising the visibility of university sports in Canada, building on the successes of the eleven thousand athletes and seven hundred coaches at the fifty- four schools in the CIS.

    Such benefits, though, seem unlikely to outweigh the drawbacks for fans and the public from the vertical integration of sports media and the teams they cover. The reality of one or two conglomerates owning the team, its broadcasters, and the media outlets that talk about sports — and also broadcasting the games and related information to fans — creates unprecedented opportunities for conflicts of inter- est. Those conflicts seem likely to be at the core of how Canadians communicate about sports in the years ahead, shaping public perceptions of teams, sports, and The Hall of Mirrors 47 doi:io.

    Or will broadcast, print, and online sports media slowly morph into becoming pri- marily agents to generate fan interest and audiences and promote sales of tickets and team merchandise to benefit their parent conglomerate? Rogers is at the forefront of how such a transformation may occur. It clearly explained its objectives in a June news release that announced the relaunch of The Score, its recently purchased specialty TV channel, as Sportsnet The news release described the channel as integrated into the overall Sportsnet brand via cross-promotional and content- sharing across Sportsnets additional assets on television, radio, print, digital and social media.

    Sportsnets brand tagline, Fuelled by Fans, which builds on Sportsnets objective to fuel the passion of Canadians and provides one source that delivers sports fans what they want, wherever and whenever, will also be part of the Sportsnet sub-brand.

    The chronology is straightforward. Gregg Zaun, a former major league catcher who had spent some time playing for the Blue Jays, criticized the current Jays catcher, J. Arencibia, a frequent presence on social media, responded by telling his more than , Twitter followers that he would reply the next day on The FAN. Zaun had been mentioned as a possible user in a report about drug use in baseball, but he denied it at the time, and nothing has ever been proven. He did not sound particularly keen on the idea.

    Nor would it likely get much traction among the folks who run the Rogers hall of mirrors. Then, just as quickly as it had emerged as a controversy, the social media world moved on. Is this hall of mirrors a preview of how the Canadian media will cover professional sports in the future?

    Should sports fans care when the same conglomerate is the employer of the interviewer, of the ex-player baseball commentator, and of the player cur- rently under criticism, as well as the owner of the team in question, of the station on which the exchange is broadcast and the rebuttal promoted, and of the stadium that hosted the player scrum facilitated by the team it owns intended to clear the air? Was this a real dispute or just a sideshow designed to distract attention from a team that is underperforming?

    Perhaps it was manufactured to stoke controversy in the media, with the hope of keeping fans coming to the Rogers Centre and ensuring that media continued to talk about the team despite its failure to perform and win consistently. The Arencibia-Zaun contretemps in that Rogers hall of mirrors saw each event bouncing off the wall to another mirror mostly contained within the hall, where the outcome could be fairly easily managed. In both cases the Arencibia-Zaun conflict and the Quebecor plan , the outsiders TSN and its French-language sister RDS would be free to cover the story, ignore it, or say whatever they wanted about the issue, but what if this was a story about the Toronto Maple Leafs and not the Blue Jays?

    Then Rogers and BCE would be equally affected and would have equal influence over all the elements of the story, as Rogers did in the Jays case. Such a self-contained media world works in several ways. First, media organ- izations concentrate coverage on sports within their conglomerate.

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    For example, in its role as a Blue Jays broadcaster, Sportsnet devotes a huge amount of daily and weekly airtime to the Jays, starting weeks before the season begins. It is safe to assume that in the pursuit of promoting the team, coverage eats up airtime that might have been devoted to other sports and issues. TSN regularly assigned just one overworked journalist to write stories, shoot video, and blog about all aspects of the Blue Jays and their games, despite the fact that home game attendance and TV ratings are consistently higher for baseball than for the CFL in the Toronto area.

    That operates in reverse for Sportsnet, with its limited coverage of the CFL compared to the programming time spent on everything Blue Jays. The conglomerates can also control which media have how much access to ath- letes. There is no guarantee that in future, reporters from all news organizations will continue to have equal postgame and between-game access to players for inter- views.

    At some point, the broadcast and print members of the same conglomerate that owns the team may start to receive preferential treatment. Conglomerate cross-interests can also be seen in the questions journalists ask. Related to that, will those who ask tough questions from external news organizations slowly be edged out the door and denied contact with players and management?

    How quickly and substantially will related media report or assess dissension or controversy within the team? For example, will Rogers reporters pursue a negative Blue Jays story as aggressively as those outside the conglomer- ate, or might upper management suggest soft-pedalling things so as not to damage their collective commercial interests?

    How likely is it, for instance, that a reader of Sportsnet Magazine would find an article within its covers that is critical in a substantive way of Sportsnet TV pro- gramming, coverage decisions, or commentators? The same question could be asked about how critically the Globe and Mail assessed the activities and perform- ance of TSN and its on-air talent, during the time that BCE had ownership inter- ests in both. What constraints do reporters and writers at each publication either place upon themselves or face from their management when writing and reporting about sports broadcasting and broadcasters who operate under the same corporate umbrella?

    The other side of this issue is also worth exploring. Does the extent of coverage that each publication devotes to its broadcast partner primarily reflect fair news judgment and audience interests, or marketing decisions? Such changes in how sports are covered in Canada will be incremental. It will not be easy to pinpoint exactly how reporting and coverage is increasingly man- aged and manipulated from one month or one season to the next. Messages deliv- ered to audiences are shaped by what is covered and what is ignored and by who is providing the coverage. In many cases, trying to uncover the subtle biases means identifying what is missing: questions not asked, reporters not assigned, players and management not available for comment, little or no time or space for negative stories, and the replacement of criticism by a consistently positive spin on every- thing from interviews to overall coverage.

    Whatever changes Rogers and Bell intro- duce as the years pass should be viewed as just one part of a much broader effort led by the professional sports leagues themselves to layer a public relations and promotion veneer over sports and the journalism flowing from it. Almost universal access to the Internet means the mainstream media is no longer the gatekeeper controlling what and when fans learn about their favourite players, teams, and sports.

    Athletes can tweet, fans can blog, and journalists can be made almost irrelevant, or so it seems. The league can circumvent the mainstream media and go directly to the fans with what looks, sounds, and reads like journal- ism but is really skilfully disguised public relations and promotion. Welcome to the worlds of NHL. The two reporters file The Hall of Mirrors 51 doi:io.

    For every game every night, the sites provide running game scores and pitch-by-pitch descriptions, final scores, league standings, game video highlights, and a flood of statistics for fans and fan- tasy league players. The league sites provide everything many fans think they need, so much so that some fans abandon mainstream media. For instance, will MLB. Will NFL. Will NHL. How extensively will any of these sites look at issues such as labour rela- tions or gambling in professional sports? As joint owners through their leagues, the teams are the direct beneficiaries of the success of these sites.

    This is particularly true for newspapers and their websites that have, over the years, been the mainstay in pro- viding coverage of local teams. Declining revenue means that newspaper owners are constantly looking for ways to save money. If a team is doing well, then the local media will be on the bandwagon, covering the games, telling the stories, and stay- ing on top of daily developments. But the media can be fickle, particularly when budgets are tight and when things turn around and a former championship con- tender becomes an also-ran.

    If there is less and less audience interest in a team that plays poorly and slides down the standings, a cost-cutting news organization may decide to save money by covering only home games. They wisely chose not to follow that route: in that election, the NDP achieved a historic victory by becoming the Official Opposition. Retrenching to covering only home games would turn the consistent coverage of a team and league over to the hall of mirrors.

    Team owners have a commercial reason for ensuring that all games are featured on the media they own. But, for the reasons already specified, that sort of sports coverage is different from sports coverage provided by media that have no direct connection to the team. Reportage by media affiliated with teams themselves is inevitably compromised, caught in conflicts of interest in which the mirrors shape and distort coverage, turning jour- nalism into promotion and public relations.

    To some, none of this may matter. After all, it is only a game, but sports and its impact in communities across the country run much deeper than just what hap- pens on the field or ice. It is very big business, and not just for the billions of dollars involved. Individual athletes, teams, and the sports they play can give a commun- ity its personality and character. They create a desirable image that allows people who may have nothing else in common to come together around a shared goal or objective, to see themselves reflected in their sporting heroes and their successes and failures.

    At the same time, professional sports teams, arenas, and stadiums are major employers in their communities. Sports teams also make demands for muni- cipal, provincial, or federal subsidies or tax concessions and want communities to build arenas or stadiums for them. Public reaction to those requests can be shaped by the image created by and for the team. The owners know that and understand how to use it to their benefit. Sports fans and the general public need to be aware of that as well. In the second decade of the twenty-first century, communicating about sports will be increasingly shaped by the various halls of mirrors created by vertically integrated conglomerates as they challenge, pressure, and hope to replace independent journalism and its traditions.

    How this is happening, who is doing it and why, and what sports fans are losing in the process will be at the centre of how Canadians communicate about sports in the years ahead. The Hall of Mirrors 53 doi:io. As Macfarlane explained: Until recently, for instance, it was possible to argue that CBC was per- forming a public service by televising NHL hockey games.

    But no more. In the digital age, private net- works have as much reach as the public broadcaster, and just as much inter- est in cashing in on the public s appetite for the game — TSN already owns the rights to many weekday games and some playoff series. Still, CBC TV continues to devote an enormous piece of its prime-time schedule to Hockey Night in Canada , not because private broadcasters are unable or unwilling to do so, but because hockey is money.

    As with Jeopardy! Prior to engaging these most recent issues, though, I want to emphasize some of the most significant political-economic developments that have undermined the role of CBC Sports. Embassy in Kenya, which killedmore than people. Prisons in the poor, Central American nation suffer from severe overcrowding. How many weeks' holiday a year are there? Pedro Marques-Vidal from Switzerland. The analysis included more than , subjects in seven countries. And recently, a computer model of blood flow overturned the textbook wisdom about sickle-cell disease, a serious hereditary blood disorder that affects more than 10, people in Britain and , in the US.

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    Pressure on it to actgrew after Erste last month paid back Austrian state aid withthe help of a million euro rights issue. The Palestinians say the settlements, now home to more than , Israelis, is making it increasingly difficult to carve out their state and that continued Israeli construction is a sign of bad faith. She called it a "paradise" but described a dangerous area where militants blew up dozens of schools and sought to discourage girls from going to school by snatching pens from their hands.

    Students, she said, reacted by hiding their books under their shawls so people wouldn't know they were going to school. How much is a Second Class stamp? But police say Hubert Allen Jr. Another 17 percent of funds will go towardsimporting 75, heifers from Australia or New Zealand over thesame period, while 11 percent will be used to build a milkpowder plant with output capacity of 33, tonnes a year.

    Everyone knows they are an excellent team and will take some stopping, but Northampton went six from six at the start of last season. Things change drastically in the season. NSA is out of control and has no useful purpose except spy for the government on everyone. Other companies, who have benefited from cheap domestic naturalgas prices, have urged caution in approving applications.

    The Palgrave Handbook of Olympic Studies

    They're instinctively great with people," he says. It's always nice in television to have contact with people who enjoy the show. He planted the bushes when he first arrived and had a big row with one of his neighbours. He was saying, 'Sorry, but I've got to have this'. Though Miley usually posts half naked sexy twitter photos, this photo was actually kinda sweet, considering the 'We Cant Stop' singer is such a big fan of the realilty show.

    That is awful, and arguably unjust and unfair, news for them, but is truly valuable information for the millions of current and future pensioners in underfunded or pay-as-you-go pension plans elsewhere. Many ofthe Brotherhood's leaders have been arrested since. Do you have any exams coming up? Their determination has been unwavering because they know they are right. They are standing up to protect jobs, services and for a fair pay rise. The company is in disarray and clearly out of touch with both its staff and customers. Have you read any good books lately?

    Army soldier Bradley Manning to the WikiLeaks website. Early races were an eye opener and the focus shifted from performance with the wind to sailing into it, which required stabilizing the boat on its foils and a new approach to steering and wing trim. You've got to take advantage when it happens, because it doesn't happen too much in the majors.

    Nothing to complain about in He had been frank about his struggles with substance abuse, telling Parade magazine in that he began using drugs at 13, and went into rehab six years later, after his mother and friends intervened. The couple, who were evacuated from their home and did not haveaccess to the Internet, did not respond. Indeed, someone with knowledge of Google's efforts noted the company aims to pressure major car brands into developing autonomous-navigation tech, even if that means not teamin with Google. At more than twice the size ofthe economy, this is the heaviest debt load in the industrialworld.

    When do you want me to start? That doesn't mean the company's traditional consumer products will disappear; but henceforth, they will be made by another entity, owned by a U. Everywhere you go, and with every digital device you own. And, new mobile and tablet apps are coming soon. It can certainly support activity, but that activity needs to be driven as well by the clubs, the schools, the parks, the local authorities as well. They all need to get behind British sport and not just tennis. Where did you go to university?

    Although there were power outages in spots, for the most part, Con Ed managed to keep the power flowing and the air conditioners running. This information is not used by us for any other type of audience recording or monitoring. ABC , U. Walgreens , and European drug distributor Alliance Boots. ABC will likely share the benefits of buy-side cost savings and non-U. Conversely, MCK will solely benefit from these tailwinds, but will also bear fully the risks associated therewith. The overall relative benefits of these two divergent globalization schemes are not yet able to be ascertained, and each will take quite some time to be fully realized.

    Their executives have steadfastly expressed optimism that a yet-to-be developed soda made with a natural, low-calorie sweetener can help turn around the soda slide. Widad Valme, a Brooklyn optometrist who works with ChildSight. According to the U. Treasury has said it could quickly run out of cashif the cap is not raised by Oct. A failure to lift it,officials warned, could spark a financial crisis and tip theworld's largest economy into recession with damagingrepercussions that would be felt worldwide.

    The rooms are small, but well planned and comfortable. I have a particular dislike of Premier Inn rooms.

    Index of /page_3

    They are larger but in my experience completely cheerless, without one redeeming design feature. The beds may be huge but the duvets can be thin and the pillows awful. I am always cold and depressed when I wake up in the morning. But Zerrougui said she emphasized to Syrian government officials that if they consider child soldiers victims, authorities must stop detaining them as criminal suspects.

    She said Syrian authorities continue detaining children on security charges or because their families are suspects of sympathizing with the opposition. Testimony given in the case, seen by Reuters, illustrates the brutality of a secretive detention system for party members and the drive to get confessions as President Xi Jinping presses on with an aggressive anti-corruption campaign.

    The rest were from perverts," the poster of the offer, run under a pseudonym like all adverts, said in an exchange with Reuters news agency. She printed fliers with a twist for the UK Pride festivals. Their winning streak is the franchise's longest since taking nine straight from May , Israel and Japan have also ordered the jet. Eight players told SI they received cash, while 29 others were named by teammates as taking money.

    The transgressions cited stretched from until at least , the magazine said. It was a risky move even with Condon on board, because Jay Z had no experience at all as a sports agent. Where are you calling from? This was the highest premium on one-year U. The two officials wereconcerned that a downgrade could cause clients to stop doingbusiness with the Wall Street bank, the lawsuit said. Could you tell me the dialing code for? In just two seasons, Gabe has already proven to be a great asset to our organization both on and off the ice. The fact that he has agreed to a long-term deal shows that he believes in this team, his teammates and the direction of this franchise moving forward.

    I always told her one day I'm going to compete and spin that Big Wheel. Burnett and Tex in, I still felt like I had a few years left and could be here and try to help those guys along, hopefully get them comfortable in New York. So when her baby sitter fell through last spring, she locked her three young children in a bedroom and went to the new job she needed to support her family.

    What sort of music do you listen to? Morewells would require more drilling rigs and fracturing crews,which could not be increased indefinitely. Department of Transportation. Unemployment benefits are also still going out. That investigation and analysis by teams of national and international experts could take months or even years to finalize, and officials say there is likely little they can do to stop the deaths unless the root cause is ultimately blamed on humans.

    And determining a cause is difficult: Of the 60 unusual mortality events declared since , causes have been determined for only 29 of them. Three dozen countries, including the U. She said that the unions and the public "waited for 22 hours on pins and needles" for a new contract offer but got nothing. This figure falls far short of the millions of dollars in a lifetime salary and health benefits that she expected to receive.

    What university do you go to? That is, monetary and fiscal authorities need to share the same objectives. When the objectives differ, fiscal dominance can become a major problem for the central bank," he said. David is turning 60 on our upcoming wedding day, August 4, so we mark special occasions like that. Enjoy the same content we've produced for a century or more by investing in your favorite local news source so we can continue to serve you the remainder of this century and beyond.

    Do you need a work permit? The most recent was last Thursday, identified as Richard Lee. In one instance, a Microsoft executive told him the company was forming a search partnership with Yahoo! Saks shares rose 3. Criminals are even sought out by parties, for their nefarious attributes. The dismissal outraged many Iraqis, who said it showed Americans consider themselves above the law.

    Vice President Joe Biden, speaking in Baghdad in , expressed his "personal regret" for the shootings. How much does the job pay? We'll make sure we keep our eyes and ears open and continue to monitor the situation. Tehran has consistently denied the charge. Mr Obama did not indicate whether he will meet with Mr Rouhani. Even a handshake would mark the first such meeting between US and Iranian leaders for 36 years. I think doing that will help show the guys what I'm able to do and I think that's a big part about being successful.

    In the surrounding area streets were closed off; schools locked down. Marlon Byrd slammed his team-leading 17th homer into the second-deck in left-field in the first right after Wright, the first back-to-back homers for the Mets this season. Could you ask her to call me? First baseman Mark Teixeira wrist surgery , outfielder Curtis Granderson broken pinkie and catcher Francisco Cervelli broken hand are also injured.

    Tempora is a UK initiative thatallegeldy allows the government to tap into the sub-ocean cablesthat carry the UK and the EU's internet traffic around the world. This tranche has a coupon rate of4. How much will it cost to send this letter to? In this country of 6. It says it needs percent uranium for a medical research reactor. That could keep up pressure to stay focused on the economy.

    But while their disciples continued to offer unconditional veneration, the Bergs continued to be vilified from outside. And the energy trading unit of Omaha, Nebraska-based Gavilon mayalso be for sale after Marubeni Corp excluded it fromits takeover of the grains trader this year. Still, a few worried changing the threshold could cause it to be viewed as a moveable goalpost, which could undermine its effectiveness. However, the UK is still lagging far behind the United States, where 15 per cent of newly appointed Fortune directors in had digital backgrounds.

    Though Hughes and Huff have combined to pitch 13 innings to a 3. I take this step in the best interests of the company I love. State police are helping Fairfax County authorities with their investigation. UConn officials also are investigating the allegations involving university students. The Arsenal star calmly walked off the pitch and team staffers, including England trainer Gary Lewin and teammate Raheem Sterling, strategically lined up in front of him to hide the crown jewels from the eyes in the sky.

    His training was rigorous, his instructions very clear. I do not know what they are. He has told me repeatedly he just does not trust the Affordable Care Act to do what it said it would do, and he did not trust the federal government at all to do what they said they would do," Chaney said. National Grid wants to use a smart approachto create more flexibility in both electricity generation andconsumption to handle rising demand and the integration ofincreasing amounts of uncertain wind power onto the network.

    The MiniMed G is less advanced than a true closed-loop system in that it relies on a continuous glucose monitor only to shut the pump down when blood sugar reaches a preset level. This is a safeguard against insulin overdose but not representative of the complete automation associated with an artificial pancreas.

    Could you please repeat that? A group of survivors called and tried to help them. Mike Lee, R-Utah, have led the defund effort despite criticism from Senate Republicans who view their tactics as short-sighted because there is no chance of passage up against a Democratic-led Senate and Obama's veto pen.

    And Fon wants to be one of them. It has said it needs to cut itsliabilities by up to 1. Families of soldiers killed in Afghanistan are denied death benefits. Little kids with cancer are denied treatment. This will disappoint the public and reduce further their trust in politics. It is a region capable ofproducing 1. Armed groups often justify brutal attacks, theft and even murder with accusations of Gaddafi ties.

    Introduction of conference 24—25 June in Berlin. Skip to Main Content. Search in: This Journal Anywhere. Advanced search. Submit an article Journal homepage. International Sport Events. Pages Published online: 02 Apr Article Metrics Views. Article metrics information Disclaimer for citing articles. Login options Log in.

    Username Password Forgot password? Shibboleth OpenAthens. Restore content access Restore content access for purchases made as guest. Article Purchase - Online Checkout. Issue Purchase - Online Checkout. People also read Article. Published online: 12 Jun Published online: 13 Jan Published online: 3 Feb Ying Yu et al.

    Dispatches from Vancouver: A Non-Traditional Sports Fan in Americas View of the XXI Winter Olympiad Dispatches from Vancouver: A Non-Traditional Sports Fan in Americas View of the XXI Winter Olympiad
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