The course is designed to provide an overview of the important concepts of research design, data collection, methods of empirical and interpretative analysis, and final report presentation. What does social conflict mean? What are the composing and dynamic elements of a given conflict? How to identify, capture and conceptualize a conflict? What are the strategies and tools of conflict analysis?
How to analyze a given How to analyze a given conflict in varying social settings? What particular methods does one need to apply? How to generate a research design concerning social conflict issues? In order to answer aforementioned questions, the course at hand is organized into three parts. The first part-Definitions and Phenomena of Social Conflict-provides prominent definitions of social conflict and highlights the current conflict trends in the existing literature.
The second part-Analysing Social Conflict-introduces the analytic tools used in empirical social science research. We will focus on the methods of non-quantitative work, although we will also consider how scholars integrate qualitative and statistical analysis. Particular attention will be paid to the case study methods, such as process-tracing and comparative case analysis.
The third part-Case Examples-considers several examples of contemporary conflicts. In light of the gained knowledge, the particular aspects of the case examples will be discussed and analyzed in a structured and analytical fashion. Finally, the course concludes with reviewing the seminal case studies, Kalyvas-Wood-Weinstein-Mylonas, on social conflict and political violence in the conventional literature. This course is designed to offer an overview of major theoretical debates on the sociological aspects of collective violence and peace.
We intend to explore the components and motivations of political violence and discuss about the We intend to explore the components and motivations of political violence and discuss about the differing perspectives on these components.
This course seeks to provide participants broad freedom to engage discussions on weekly topics that are strongly relevant to our complex world, and generate their own point of view. Furthermore the selected topics will be applied in various case studies in order to discover new aspects to the given phenomena of collective violence and peace.
- Europa's neue Modelwirtschaft by Rüdiger Dornbusch - Project Syndicate;
- Rereading Schleiermacher: Translation, Cognition and Culture | SpringerLink.
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- Policing in East Germany in the wake of the Second World War?
- Contes et légendes yiddish (French Edition).
Was ist der Unterschied zwischen einem Was ist der Unterschied zwischen einem Freedom-Fighter und einem Terroristen? Was wollen Terroristen? Warum werden Menschen zu Terroristen?
Gibt es etablierte Strukturen und Institutionen des Terrorismus? Hier wollen wir die verschiedenen ineinandergreifenden Aspekte terroristischer Gewalt zueinander in Beziehung setzen. This introductory training on the reference management software Citavi is composed to answer following four questions: 1 How do you manage your various resources journal articles, internet pages, newspapers, books, archive findings, This course is an introduction to the qualitative methods of civil war research, providing students a robust set of tools for explaining and understanding the dynamics of civil war.
However, the course does not offer a laundry list of However, the course does not offer a laundry list of techniques; rather it asks students to think about how particular methods are more or less suited at particular types of research questions. The course is composed of following five parts: 1 a general discussion on causality and evidence in social science; 2 an overview of the contemporary civil war research, intentionally casting its epistemological net broadly; 3 the knowledge on qualitative methods inspired by positivism case studies, process tracing and additionally those more interpretative in nature such mixed methods ; 4 analyses and discussions on the three very known applications Kalyvas, Weinstein, Wood ; and 5 if there is… methodological discussion on student projects.
Reports - Berichte.
Table of contents
Diese Reflexion bzw. Why some civil wars come to an end with negotiated peace settlements, and others not? Why some states can defeat insurgent groups, and others continue to struggle with civil wars decades long? What are the characteristics of positive and What are the characteristics of positive and negative peace making, and which one of them is more effective to end a civil war? Attempts of negotiated peace making led to the peace treaty between the Spanish government and the ETA, the joint declaration of peace and Good Friday Agreement between the IRA and the government of the UK, and the on-going peace process between the Colombian government and the FARC rebels that began in But the processes of peace-making is not problem-free.
The history of civil wars shows that sustainable peace is rarely achieved in civil wars that last for 15 or more years. During this process the political situation on both sides is typically unstable and violence, although reduced in intensity, is rarely non-existent. The findings presented during the presentation are based on comprehensive primary field research experiments.
Peace, as previously understood in the Westphalian International Order, referred to the absence of war between two or more states. With the acceleration of globalization and the increase of violent conflicts instigated by non-state actors With the acceleration of globalization and the increase of violent conflicts instigated by non-state actors following the end of the Cold War, scholars and policy-makers have begun questioning whether the practices of the state-based conception of public diplomacy relevant and adequate in responding those challenges of the post-Westphalian Global Order in the 21st Century.
Furthermore, the traditional understanding of peace has been challenged conceptually and practically, failing to address deep structural and cultural aspects of contemporary conflicts, often cited as the underlying root cause of violent conflicts. Beyond its previous definition, contemporary understanding of peace points out a dynamic process, in which decreasing political violence and increasing equity and justice in a given political system should be observed. This positive approach to peace also requires non-violent methods of conflict management and the development of the culture of peace between given conflict actors as a project of civilization.
The proposed paper at hand intends to be a launching pad for future debate on whether a broader definition and understanding of peace can offer a pathway for public diplomacy to engage with so far emerging violent conflict settings of the post-Westphalian Global Order. Publication Date: Ethnic Conflict and Civil War. However, as it grew and developed against the background of the increasingly bitter Cold War externally and of Stalinisation internally, the Volkspolizei became steadily more political in its approach to policing.
During the years which followed, the Volkspolizei leadership made clear time and again that this police force was to be explicitly political. This expectation reflected not so much a need to deal with the social upheaval created by the catastrophes of war, Nazism and occupation as it did a determination to carry out a revolutionary political transformation. Any pretence of impartial policing was abandoned, as the Volkspolizei diverged ever more starkly from the politically neutral model of policing to which at least lip service is paid in pluralist political systems. In any event, the impetus for the growth and militarisation of the East German police appears to have been not a concern about the security needs of the civilian population but rather a determination to secure political control as the Cold War came to dominate European political life.
This is what lay behind the far-reaching changes which the Volkspolizei underwent during the crucial year of Until his sudden death in June , after which command of the Volkspolizei fell to Karl Maron, Fischer worked energetically to turn the east German police into a thoroughly centralised, politicised and increasingly militarised force. Behind Fischer stood Walter Ulbricht: it is clear that, right from the beginning Ulbricht was the driving force among the German communists in the Soviet Zone and possessed an authority far greater than that of his comrades, especially in matters involving the all-important area of security and policing.
The ad hoc approach which had characterised the establishment of the new police forces immediately after the war was replaced by ever tighter central control and political and ideological discipline.ignamant.cl/wp-includes/55/1451-encontrar-persona.php
Rereading Schleiermacher: Translation, Cognition and Culture
Initial preoccupation with the day-to-day concerns of a civil society in a state of considerable social upheaval was overshadowed by the militarisation of the Volkspolizei, as the Soviet occupation authorities entrusted more and more security tasks to their German Communist allies, and by the development of what later was to become the vast secret-police empire of the Stasi The history of policing in postwar East Germany was not so much of a force which had developed in order effectively to deal with the social and political upheaval of the postwar years, but rather of a passing of the postwar upheaval which allowed for the development of a new, thoroughly politicised type of policing.
A dedicated Communist functionary, Maron did as he was asked. Benz, W.
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Bessel, R. Eds , V on der Aufgabe der Freiheit. November , Berlin, Akademie Verlag, , pp. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern bis , in van Melis, D. Buchheim, C. Bundesministerium der Justiz Ed. Diedrich, T. Foitzik, J. Gieseke, J.
Links Verlag, , pp. Groehler, G. Grossmann, A. Moeller Eds. Hoerning, E. Der Zwei-Fronten-Krieg. Beispiele aus Berlin, in Niethammer, L. Dietz Nachf. Hoffmann, H. Karlsch, R. Links Verlag, Lindenberger, T. Maron, K.
Rereading Schleiermacher: Translation, Cognition and Culture | SpringerLink
Geschichte der Deutschen Volkspolizei, vol. I, 2nd edn. Naimark, N. Band 1. Studien und Berichte, Berlin, Akademie Verlag, Reinke, R. Roth, R. Sander, H. Schneider, D. Oldenbourg Verlag, , pp. Suckert, S. Wenzke, R. See Benz , p. On rape in , Hoerning, , pp. Mai bis zum Generally, Lindenberger , pp. The highest percentage of those who had been employed in the police before , Administrative Police also employed by far the highest percentage of women See also Reinke , pp.
See Reinke , p. Generally, see Naimark , p. Polizei, in Schwerin, Grimmen, 23 Dec. See Lindenberger , pp. It also should be noted that, right from the beginning of its existence, the new East German police were charged with arresting suspected political opponents and handing them over to the Soviet secret police NKVD. See Foitzik , p. However, the general trend is clear. Figures taken from statistics compiled by the German Administration of the Interior are published in Wenzke , p.
See also Lindenberger , p. Since he has been Co-editor of the journal German History. He currently is working on a study of Germany in Sommaire - Document suivant. The highest percentage of those See also See the Bibliographie Benz, W. Notes 2 On this theme generally, see Bessel, Schumann Haut de page.
Related Terrorismus - Begriff und Erklärungen (German Edition)
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