Returning to Washington, MacArthur received a promotion to major on December 11, , and the following year was assigned to the Office of Information.
With the U. Intended to build morale, the units of the 42nd were intentionally drawn from as many states as possible. In discussing the concept, MacArthur commented that the membership in the division "will stretch over the whole country like a rainbow. With the formation of the 42nd Division, MacArthur was promoted to colonel and made its chief of staff.
Sailing for France with the division in October , he earned his first Silver Star when he accompanied a French trench raid the following February. On March 9, MacArthur joined a trench raid conducted by the 42nd. Moving forward with the th Infantry Regiment, his leadership earned him a Distinguished Service Cross. On June 26, , MacArthur was promoted to brigadier general becoming the youngest general in the American Expeditionary Force.
Douglas MacArthur Biography
Taking part in the Battle of Saint-Mihiel in September, MacArthur was awarded two additional Silver Stars for his leadership during the battle and subsequent operations. Though again nominated for the Medal of Honor for his part in the action, he was denied a second time and instead awarded a second Distinguished Service Cross.
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Quickly recovering, MacArthur led his brigade through the final campaigns of the war. After briefly commanding the 42nd Division, he saw occupation duty in the Rhineland before returning to the United States in April While the majority of U. Army officers were returned to their peacetime ranks, MacArthur was able to retain his wartime rank of brigadier general by accepting an appointment as Superintendent of West Point.
Directed to reform the school's aging academic program, he took over in June Remaining in the position until , he made great strides in modernizing the academic course, reducing hazing, formalizing the honor code, and increasing the athletic program.
Though many of his changes were resisted, they ultimately were accepted. Douglas MacArthur married twice. His first wife was Henriette Louise Cromwell Brooks, a divorcee and flapper who liked gin, jazz, and the stock market, none of which suited MacArthur. They were married on February 14, , separated in , and divorced on June 18, He met Jean Marie Faircloth in , and despite that Douglas was 19 years older than she was, they married on April 30, During his time in the Philippines, he befriended several influential Filipinos, such as Manuel L. Quezon , and sought to reform the military establishment in the islands.
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On January 17, , he was promoted to major general. The youngest on the panel, he claimed to have voted to acquit the aviation pioneer and called the requirement to serve "one of the most distasteful orders I ever received. Despite his relatively young age, his name was put forward for the position of Chief of Staff of the U. Approved, he was sworn in that November. As the Great Depression worsened, MacArthur fought to prevent crippling cuts in the Army's manpower—although he was ultimately forced to close more than 50 bases. Pratt, which helped define each service's responsibilities in regard to aviation.
One of the best-known generals in the U. Veterans from World War I, the Bonus Army marchers were seeking early payment of their military bonuses.
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Against the advice of his aide, Major Dwight D. Eisenhower , MacArthur accompanied the troops as they drove off the marchers and burned their camp. Under MacArthur's leadership, the U. Army played a key role in overseeing the Civilian Conservation Corps. Made a field marshal of the Commonwealth of the Philippines he remained in the U. Arriving, MacArthur and Eisenhower were forced to essentially start from scratch while using cast off and obsolete American equipment. Relentlessly lobbying for more money and equipment, his calls were largely ignored in Washington.
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Sutherland and Major General Verne D. MacArthur speaking at Soldier Field in Chicago in The statue is a duplicate of the one at West Point. All content from Kiddle encyclopedia articles including the article images and facts can be freely used under Attribution-ShareAlike license, unless stated otherwise. Cite this article:. This page was last modified on 11 June , at Wikisource has original works written by or about: Douglas MacArthur.
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