The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove

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Cover and pages may be creased and show discolouration. Seller Inventory GOR The book has been read, but is in excellent condition. Pages are intact and not marred by notes or highlighting. The spine remains undamaged. Published by Pranava Books About this Item: Pranava Books, Condition: NEW. Reprinted from edition. NO changes have been made to the original text. This is NOT a retyped or an ocr'd reprint. Illustrations, Index, if any, are included in black and white. Each page is checked manually before printing. Shinji Ogawa notes that, even though Issa wrote the word kaitarugenaru , it would have been pronounced kaidarugenaru ; I have adjusted the Japanese text accordingly.

Shinji Ogawa notes that the subject of noshi-kakattaru "leans on" is the mountain, not as I originally translated it the cove. The flower is a Japanese red-star lily, literally, a "princess lily. In my translation, I keep the word "heart" kokoro. Thinking way ahead to harvest time, the farmer can almost taste the grain to come.

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In an earlier translation, I wrote, "patiently he waits," but Shinji Ogawa believes that jitto is being used in the sense of "attentively. Some rice plants might have been placed crookedly in the flooded field, but even they turn green in time. Ivan M. Granger comments on this haiku in his book, The Longing in Between: Sacred Poetry from Around the World Poetry Chaikhana : "No matter how imperfect we imagine our circumstances to be--lack of education, finances, travel, guidance, whatever we think is missing and holding us back--still we inexorably grow green.

Spirit awakens in us with utter disregard to the limiting details of our lives. In Issa's time, climbing Mount Fuji was thought to be a sacred pilgrimage. However, not everyone could make the climb. Therefore, imitation Mount Fujis small, sculpted hills were built at various shrines, such as Asakusa Shrine in Edo, so that everyone, including the infirm and elderly, could reap spiritual benefit by climbing them. Issa's snail is climbing one of these pseudo-mountains. Its climb has both Shinto and Buddhist significance. For Shinto, Mount Fuji is the home of the great goddess Konohanasakuya-hime, enshrined near the summit.

The snail climbs to the goddess's blessing; the snail climbs to enlightenment. According to Kai Falkman, "[This] haiku shows Issa's compassionate irony. This is the first haiku by Issa that I read. I found it in J. Salinger's novel, Franny and Zooey. I agree with Kai Falkman: the order of images in Issa's original poem is important. He starts with a little snail, advises it to keep climbing, and only at the very end does he pull camera focus from close-up to wide-angle and reveal the vast sweep of locale and task: this snail is climbing Mount Fuji!

This haiku refers to a Shinto purification ritual that takes place in Sixth Month in the traditional Japanese calendar. One of the observances is to launch special shrine boats in water; see Kiyose Tokyo: Kakugawa Shoten, Shinji Ogawa adds that the most popular forms of the ritual involve 1 entering a shrine through the chinowa a large ring made of woven reeds or 2 going to a river and releasing a paper boat containing a paper doll katashiro. As the doll drifts away it is thought to take "all unclean things with it.

This haiku refers to a hoop made out of miscanthus reed, used for a summer purification ritual. If one passes through it, one is protected from infectious diseases. In this haiku, both a crow and a nightingale pass through, suggesting that the hoop welcomes both commoners crows and nobility nightingales. The night before the annual Boy's Festival fifth day, Fifth Month , eaves of houses were thatched with grafts of blooming irises; Kiyose Tokyo: Kakugawa Shoten, In this haiku, a hard-to-spot insect sings among the irises. Japanese fishermen use cormorants. Tied to a tether, these sea birds dive for fish that they are forced to disgorge.

In this haiku, the hard-working bird is deprived of an annual festival day off sekku yasumi. Shinji Ogawa paraphrases the second two phrases: "I talked to his tomb and parted. Or: "even the little daughter. In the original version of this haiku Issa begins with "even the servant" sansuke mo. The light summer garment in question is made of hemp: katabira.

In this archive, I translate both katabira and awase as "summer kimono. In my translation, I decided that it would be more effective to describe it as a "little red kimono" as opposed to "red summer kimono. The child won't fit the cute little kimono for long. This haiku is undated. In a poem of Issa begins with the phrase, "pine tree shade" matsu kage ya.

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A revision of a haiku that Issa wrote in mi hitotsu ya shinaba sudare no aoi uchi my life-- if I die may the bamboo blinds still be green. Or: "his. The only difference is that the original haiku has the particle ka instead of ya , making the opening phrase a question: "tomorrow night and the next the same?

For this reason, I have made the coins "golden": even though the senryo were not made of gold, this English adjective suggests great value. In this undated revision of a haiku written in , Issa replaces "weeds" mugura with "duckweed" ukisa. Shinji Ogawa explains that uchiwa hatte means "to re-paper the fan. This haiku refers to the custom of smoking out mosquitoes using the dense smoke of a smudge pot. There's only so much space under the pine to enjoy its shade. Therefore, people do so in shifts. It has the prescript, "Spending the night at Karazaki. Shinji Ogawa provides a literal paraphrase: "Taking straw sandals off and being friendly Shinji Ogawa paraphrases: "Don't bother to take your straw sandals off and come right in.

This haiku has the prescript, "Edo" today's Tokyo. It is a revision of a haiku of , in which the people cooled themselves "above" no ue the sewer. In my first translation, I had the rice planters as the "reserved" ones in the scene, but Shinji Ogawa explains that it is Issa who hestitates when asking the farmers for directions, because they are so busy. This interpretation is in line with the fact that s was a period of incessant travel for Issa. He would have had to ask for directions many, many times. Issa's home province of Shinano is a mountainous area.

Even at high elevations, there are terraced rice fields. A happy exaggeration. Issa fancies that the nightingale uguisu should go forth into the field, like the rice-planting farmers, wearing an umbrella-hat. The fawn is innocent. Issa beseeches the worldly crows not to teach it their cunning ways. In this haiku Issa has fun with the "h" and "k" sounds of hagi, ha, kakure, kurasuru, ka, ko, kana.

Issa doesn't literally say that the night is "nice," but I feel that this is implied by the phrase, "this kind of evening" konna yo. The expression u no hana can mean, literally, "deutzia blossoms. It is called u no hana because the whiteness of the tofu by-product is similar to that of the deutzia flower of early summer. This haiku is undated, but in two related haiku, written in Fifth Month , Issa scatters tofu refuse for a cuckoo and then warns him not to get indigestion from it.

This undated haiku is identical to one of , except that the singer is a "mountain deer" yama no shika. Shinji Ogawa translates yanagi kara akete as "the willow tree dawned first" or "the dawn begins at the willow tree. The seasonal reference of this haiku is to nightingales uguisu that are still singing in summertime. Issa might be referring to a caged bird or, as Shinji Ogawa suggests, a "priceless" bird in the wild. Shinji adds that "old" in this haiku refers not so much to old age as to the season word of "a nightingale in summer.

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Issa suggests that the oldness of his house might be contagious. The original version ends with the phrase, "my house" ore ga ie. In another undated rewrite, it ends with "house in the trees" yabu no ie. In another undated rewrite, it ends with "thatched house" kusa no ie. The phrase hana ni kakeru is an idiom for being proud of something. Shinji Ogawa suggests the translation, "bragging of. Or: "fireflies! The original poem doesn't end with a command. Shinji Ogawa explains that kasa hodo no "means a flower as big as an umbrella-hat. A poem about collateral damage. This undated haiku doesn't appear in Issa's journals, but exists on a manuscript written in his handwriting.

In my original translation, I left out the word "also," but, as Reza from Taiwan points out, this is an important literal fact. It implies that two things are emanating from the pipe: water and the firefly. Reza adds that a firefly's habitat is near water, especially pure, clean water. Thus, Issa implies that the water used for the tea is of the purest quality. Jason Mak suggests, "Perhaps even the firefly has come to partake of it.

In earlier times, it was an open trough--as the following picture shows. Shinji Ogawa, who assisted with this translation, notes, "To a country boy like Issa it might seem strange to make merchandise out of a handful of grass. Issa's drink, of course, is sake. Shinji Ogawa explains that the repeat symbol in Issa's text applies to the entire phrase, hotaru ko yo , not, as I had first assumed, to ko yo alone.

Or: "a mosquito. According to R. Blyth, "thicket mosquito" yabu ka refers to a species of "striped mosquitoes"; Haiku Tokyo: Hokuseido, ; rpt. Shinji Ogawa notes that the doer of the action of hiding is the statue of Buddha. He offers a more literal translation: hides midday's mosquitoes in his back statue of Buddha. When I first translated it, I assumed that ashita meant "tomorrow.

Literally, the flea is walking up the "back mountain" ura yama : the mountain behind the temple. Issa is referring to a wood-chewing carpenter ant that swarms when it breeds in the summer. This is a revision of a haiku that Issa wrote in ha-ari deru made ni medetaki hashira kana until the winged ants come out a fortunate pillar. They return to pass Tokyo in the fall on their way back to the south. This haiku is an undated revision of one that Issa wrote in The original version begins with the phrase, "in one village" kata zato wa. However, in Japanese this expression can mean any little boy.

The particle mo , in this context, means "after all that"--according to Shinji Ogawa. The third line literally reads, "after all that you are still a poppy. In the original form of this haiku, the peony was merely measured by means of a fan. In this revision, Issa changes the verb form so that the peony is the cause of the action, forcing the person to measure it.

Shinji Ogawa explains that sukuutaru can mean "scooped" as past tense or as an adjective. In the summer, stalks of rice are transplanted from their seedling beds into flooded fields. What, exactly, is Issa picturing here? Is this a poem of perspective, in which rice plants are being thrown in the foreground, making it seem like they're aimed at Fuji's snowy "head"? Kisa Lagoon Kisagata was ravaged by an earthquake in This undated haiku was probably written some time before that event. Shinji Ogawa explains that the phrase "barley's autumn" mugi no aki refers, in fact, to the summer season.

The name derives from the fact that ripened barley "is comparable to the sight of a rice field in autumn. Literally, the bamboo is "this year's" kotoshi. This is an undated revision of a haiku of In the original version Issa ends with sawagu nari "raising a ruckus". Perhaps the tall bamboo shoot has bent over--as others have done in Issa's poems on this topic. Here, he comically laments his lack of a melon. The round moon serves as a substitute. Issa is alluding to the shade provided by the trees. In Issa writes, in a similar vein: shiba de shita yasumi-dokoro ya natsu kodachi making the lawn a vacation spot In this visual haiku an itinerant preacher tells passers-by about Amida Buddha's vow to allow all who trust in him rebith in the Pure land.

Issa watches his earnest hand gestures but also, at the same time, the green summer trees that surround him. The connection between the two images is left to the reader's imagination. When I contemplate this haiku, I suspect that Issa is purposely zoning out the preacher's words, implying that the beauty of Nature itself--embodied in the trees-- is Buddha's promise.

This is a rewrite of an haiku, in which the sermon takes place at night. The haiku, in turn, is a variant of an poem about a sermon in the withered fields of winter. Literally, the haiku reads: "at the gate they only husk chestnuts Since Issa's Japanese readers would understand the implications of the dake "only" in the poem, I've added "no lazing" to my translation.

In an almost identical haiku composed in , the people are husking "barley" mugi. Shinji Ogawa paraphrases: "persimmon blossoms The idea that the sandals are for sale isn't stated in Issa's Japanese but is implied.

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This undated haiku is a revision of one that Issa wrote in In the original version, Issa depicts a "gate" kado instead of a hedge. Of the seventeen on sound units in this musical haiku, twelve have the vowel sound of a. In an earlier version of this haiku, written in , Edo's "plums" sumomo are being handled. Might Issa be implying, humorously, that the mushrooms are blushing?

Most statues of Jizo hold a jewel in the left hand. This one also holds a plum. This is a rewrite of a haiku of The original poem ends with the phrase, tomo mo heru "so do companions". As summer heat gives way to autumn cold, fewer people are outside, moon-gazing. This undated haiku portrays a scene at an inn. In a similar, dated poem , Issa eats his rice by the light of his neighbor's lamp: tsugi no ma no hi de meshi wo kuu yozamu kana by the next room's lamplight eating my rice It's a rewrite of a haiku of muda hito no asobi kagen no yozamu kana vain mankind feeling like carousing I picture Issa and other guests of the inn drinking plenty of sake, "forgetting.

This is an undated rewrite of a haiku composed in Issa starts the original poem with "Matsushima. Issa imagines that they look like fists jutting up from the water. The third phrase of this haiku, aki no kure , means both "autumn night" and "autumn's end. This haiku has the prescript, "On a boat. The stars of the galaxy are reflected in the frost. Issa's phrase, "Heaven's River" ama no gawa refers to the Milky Way. Issa is happy to find it even in this backward province far from the capital. During this period, Issa was traveling far from his native village of Kashiwabara in the mountains of Shinano Province, a place, incidentally, without a "cove" iri-e , which would suggest that Issa is seeing some other village in the moment: someone else's hometown.

Issa traveled far and wide during this period. In this haiku, he thinks wistfully of his native village of Kashiwabara, imagining what might be going on there tonight, under the moon. His native village of Kashiwabara has plenty of mountains surrounding it. Perhaps Issa derives comfort from the familiar scene.

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Shinji Ogawa, who assisted with this translation, helped me to grasp the meaning of Issa's double negative: nizaru "not resemble," "be unlike" and yama mo nashi "not a mountain" together denote, "not a mountain is unlike" the mountains back home in Shinano Province present-day Nagano Prefecture. In this scene, he appears homesick. Crabs with special markings resembling faces of samurai are thought to be reincarnated heroes who died in a famous battle, recounted in the medieval Tale of the Heike. Issa provides an interesting perspective: he stands on an island under the moon, imagining the viewpoint of another person, on another island, looking in his direction.

The imagined scene is a worthy subject for a painting: a little pine island, the shining moon, and because of his out-of-body perspective, Issa is there too, immersed in his own picture. This undated haiku is a rewrite of a haiku written in Issa has simply changed tsuki "moon" to tsuki yo "moonlit night". Shinji Ogawa translates the prescript to the poem: "As the night progressed, the sky cleared. Except for its last word, this undated haiku is identical to another undated haiku, which in turn is a rewrite of a haiku written in In both of the earlier versions, Issa ends with kusa no ame "rain on the grass" or "rain-drenched grass".

In this version, he ends with kusa no hana "wildflowers" , completely changing the meaning. Did Issa mean to write the character for ame and accidentally write hana instead? Or did he purposefully change the last word and the punch line of the haiku? You decide.

In the old calendar, there were two harvest moons: the 15th day of Eighth Month this is the more important meigetsu and the 13th day of Ninth Month. As Shinji Ogawa points out, "The fifteenth night the harvest moon night view has become a just ordinary mountain view because of the autumn rain Or: "hiding with my coat" or "hiding with his coat. This is a funny and raw haiku with Pure Land Buddhist overtones. Sumiyoshi is a Shinto shrine in Osaka.

The word ikusobaku denotes an unknown number; Kogo dai jiten Shogakukan Or: "birds take flight. Tamuro is a camp, barracks, or quarters for soldiers; Kogo dai jiten Shogakukan Shinji Ogawa notes that shitataka means "strong" and modifies the new leaves, not, as I originally thought, the damage to the leaves done by the gale. I have revised. Originally, I read the kanji for "lake water" as mizuumi mizu , but Shinji Ogawa says that a Japanese person would naturally shorten this to kosui or mizu. The latter fits the normal pattern of Japanese sound units.

Blyth, graves are visited in Seventh Month of the old calendar, between the 13th and 15th; Haiku Tokyo: Hokuseido, ; rpt. Issa feels warm on the sunlit side, cold on the other. Issa wrote this version in tsuyu no no ni kata sode samuki asahi kana in the dewy field one sleeve cold This enigmatic haiku alludes to a line from Ise monogatari. Zoltan Barczikay notes that the reference is to Episode 6, which he paraphrases: In short, a man falls in love with a woman, and one night they flee from the place they live. When crossing the Akuta river, the woman sees a dewdrop on the grass and asks what is it.

Later, they spend the night in an abandoned storehouse, not knowing that an oni devil is living there. The man stays outside with his bow and arrows. During the night, the oni devours the lady. Her cries are deafened by the thunder. A jewel? I wonder if Issa might be using this literary reference to make a point about the world in a Buddhist sense: that it is, in one of his favorite phrases: tsuyu no yo , a "dewdrop world. Is this social satire, a comment on human hierarchy? Shinji Ogawa, who helped with this translation, writes, "It is hard to know what Issa implied [in this haiku], but in Japanese tradition dewdrops are often referred as the souls passed away.

Or: "faces. Most people, farmers especially, rejoice to see the lightning--a harbinger of a good rice harvest. Still, it makes person at the gate, most likely a child, cry. This is haiku is undated. Shinji Ogawa notes that the reason for the "sudden" bloom of the pinks is the sudden lift of the autumn mist. It is related to a poem of aki-giri ya kawara nadeshiko miyuru made autumn mist-- the river beach's pinks barely visible. At this time, people light lanterns to guide their ancestors' spirits back home.

Issa, who himself was an orphan, watches his child clapping at his mother's grave: a common gesture that precedes prayer at Shinto shrines. The child hopes to wake up his mother's spirit so that she can return to him. In this comic haiku, Issa finds a less than pious use for the lantern's light. This undated rewrite has an earlier version that begins with the phrase, "at times [I use it]" aru toki wa. This undated haiku relates to two written in and , where Issa sees stars as children, grandchildren, and great-great-grandchildren.

Tanabata is a festival that takes place on the seventh day of Seventh Month. According to a romantic legend, two celestial lovers--the stars Altair and Vega--are separated by Heaven's River the Milky Way. One night a year Tanabata night , they cross the starry river to be together. In this haiku, Issa pushes the myth even further, imagining that the lover stars, over time, have produced many shining offspring. Hiroshi Kobori believes that the village is familiar to Issa; that perhaps he visited it in his boyhood.

The village is visible just for "a while" shibashi because the fireworks flare up, then darkness returns. Toyama often translated as "foothills" refers to any mountain located near a village; Kogo dai jiten Shogakukan The mon was the basic currency of Issa's time. It took the form of a coin with a hole in its middle so that it could be strung on a string. In this haiku, the fireworks cost two mon , which would have a modern equivalent of approximately fifty cents U.

I prefer the translation "two-penny" to "half dollar," since the latter sounds too American. In the original version, Issa poses the question: "Is his father watching too? Shinji Ogawa points out that there was a military general of the fourteenth century named Kusunoki "camphor tree".

Is Issa suggesting that the scarecrow is a loyal retainer who "serves" tsukaeshi the lordly tree? Shinji Ogawa explains that the third word in this haiku, isa , is traditionally followed by shirazu "not knowing". He adds that the most famous example of the usage of isa is the tanka 42 in Kokinwakashu compiled in the early tenth century: hito wa isa kokoro mo shirazu furusato wa hana zo mukashi no kani nioi keru I don't know about people's minds, but the flowers in my home village smell as they used to.

Shinji continues: "In Issa's haiku shirazu "not knowing" is curtailed, but a negative phrase nakari keri makes the haiku grammatically sound. The haiku says, 'I don't know about the people, but an upright scarecrow can't be found. In Japan and Korea, fulling-blocks were used to pound fabric and bedding. The fabric was laid over a flat stone, covered with paper, and pounded, making a distinctive sound. Obasute sometimes Ubasute is a mountain in Issa's home province of Shinano today's Nagano Prefecture where old people were, according to legend, "thrown away": left to die.

It was also known as Sarashinayama. Today it is called Kamurikiyama. The brewing of new sake rice wine is an autumn event. Here, someone Issa? The common field, for the geese, is a "famous site" meisho. Shinji Ogawa notes that the nu in orinu , in this case, signifies a negation: the geese don't land. The expression, sode hiku , literally denotes dragging one by the sleeve; metaphorically, it refers to seduction. The migrating geese enjoy the rain enough to linger another day. He adds, "According to some theories, the two moon-viewings must be done in the same garden.

Being on the journey so often, Issa was not able to enjoy a complete moon-viewing. The place could be translated "Ya Island"; shima island is part of its name. A funny exaggeration. The tide is in, leaving no dry place for the singing insects. Issa fancies that they have all taken refuge on the head of Goddess Moon. Despite its humor, the haiku achieves gravity by presenting a sublime moment of moon, glimmering sea, and the ecstatic chanting of insects.

This phrasing intensifies the poetic focus on sound. Sakuo Nakamura views this as a haiku of pity, not only for the insect, but for human beings, who cannot escape time going by and the inevitable end. I agree with Sakuo, but I also think that the poem is a meditation on transience from a Buddhist perspective; the impermanence of the insect being swept to oblivion intensifies the beauty and meaning of its song.

Issa, writing his haiku, is the insect. We, reading the haiku, are also that insect, whether we realize it or not. The bagworm is a moth larva inside a dry, fibrous case. Literally, it is called the "straw raincoat bug" minomushi. Its "singing," according to Shinji Ogawa, was a popular but erroneous belief in Issa's time. Like earthworms, whose singing is also noted in the haiku of Issa and others, bagworms have no organ to produce sounds.

Shinji adds that the bagworm's song--though it was actually another insect making it--was thought to be a chi-chi sound which, in Japanese, was interpreted as "papa," "father" or "longing for father. The higurashi is a type of cicada. The name, as Shinji Ogawa points out, means "evening cicada. The poet is delighted to see in his shadow the blessing of an unexpected halo. The image is both funny and profound: funny because Issa devotes much ink in his journals to describing his own sinfulness; and yet profound, too, in that it reminds us that even sinners, thanks to Amida Buddha's grace, can become saints.

Hyakudo mairi is a practice of praying while moving back and forth one hundred times between a shrine or temple and some fixed point in that shrine or temple's precincts. It can take two forms: making the cicuit one hundred times without stopping or visiting a shrine or temple on one hundred consecutive days. Atago is a mountain near Kyoto with a major shrine at its summit. On the 24th day of Sixth Month in Issa's time pilgrims who climbed to it just once would reap the benefits of one thousand climbs: the so-called sennichi mairi.

Issa's lucky dragonfly must be visiting the temple on a special day that multiplies the spiritual benefit of the journey by one hundred. This haiku, brimming with life, is an early one, written in the s. A katydid kirigirisu is a green or light brown insect, a cousin of crickets and grasshoppers. The males possess special organs on the wings with which they produce shrill calls.

Although katydid is the closest English equivalent, many translators such as R. Blyth use the more familiar "grasshopper" and "cricket. Though this is an early haiku written in the s, it's a possible candidate for Issa's death verse. He asks the little insect to guard his grave and, we presume, to continue his poetic legacy by "singing" over it. One Japanese saijiki , a book of season words with examples, says the following about the expression "earthworms sing" mimizu naku : "Earthworms don't sing.

On autumn evenings, when one says one is hearing the 'jii-jii' song of earthworms, in fact they are referring to mole-crickets"; Kiyose Tokyo: Kakugawa Shoten, Shinji Ogawa notes, in modern usage, the expression can refer to any "unknown bugs" singing in the autumn. This undated haiku is similar to one that Issa wrote in yase kusa no yoro-yoro hana to nari ni keri the emaciated grass totters into bloom. This haiku has the prescript, "At a Shinto shrine" literally, "Before the god". For this reason, I have added "shrine" to my translation, even though Issa does not qualify the bell in this way in the body of his haiku.

Readers who favor a more faithful translation should ignore the word "shrine's" in the first line. Shinji Ogawa observes that garari-garari is not an old word meaning "promptly," as I first thought, but an onomatopoetic expression for the jingling sound of a bell.

He explains, "There is a rope hanging down in front of a Shinto shrine. A bell or bells are attached to the rope.

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Just before praying, we shake the rope to jingle the bells, I guess, to draw the god's attention. Shinji Ogawa explains that kuneri kaesu means to "repeatedly wriggle. Or: "makes one shiver"; Issa doesn't specify who is shivering. The white blossoms covering the fields remind him of snow. This is a rewrite of an haiku that starts with the phrase, "Shinano road.

I don't see this haiku as a negative comment on snow.

In my view, Issa is simply being playful, claiming to shiver at the sight of the buckwheat blossoms that look like snow. The peppers are being stored on the thatch of the eaves. This undated haiku was written at some point in the Bunka Era I follow Blyth in translating ho as "plumes. Perhaps the "rainbow" is figurative: as evening darkens the valley, the bright tints of autumn foliage fade like a rainbow. Literally, Issa writes, "one leaf" hito ha , but this is haiku shorthand for a paulownia leaf.

According to its prescript, this haiku was written at a place called Shirousagi-tei: "White Rabbit Mansion. The 'world's autumn' implies the changing of the dynasty. Since paulownia leaves are the crest of the Tyotomi family that ruled Japan in the sixteenth century and was ruined by the Tokugawa, the word hito ha "one paulownia leaf" implies a sort of sadness. Knowing this, Issa uses the word hito ha in a completely different way to make the haiku comical. In Issa's day, haiku was called haikai , which means 'comical poem' and, therefore, the comical aspect was regarded as important.

This visually gorgeous poem is one of Issa's earliest, written in the s. Shinji Ogawa notes that akanu in this haiku signifies, "to not grow tired of. Issa wrote two haiku on this topic during this period. Shinji Ogawa translates the phrase, rusugachi ni miyuru as "it looks rather vacant. Where is everybody? Issa wrote two haiku on this topic in the same journal.

This biographical haiku has the prescript, "Divorce. Tokyo: Kodansha International, This is a slight revision of a haiku written in The original begins with tochi no ko , which carries the same meaning as tochi no mi "horse chestnut". A revision of an earlier haiku, in which the kitten "prances" hanetsukurasuru with the acorn. In the present haiku, Issa sets it on the wall as a kind of ephemeral treasure.

In the original version of this haiku, dated , the middle phrase is different: toshi wa soko kara , but the meaning is the same. This is a rewrite of a haiku of that begins, "makes no difference to me" aa mama yo. Issa prefaces this version with the note, "After drinking sake. Issa has been accused of being anthropomorphic in his attribution of human moods and emotions to animals. Indeed, in this example the reader might infer that Issa is projecting his own displeasure at the winter rain in his depiction of the pigeon.

Even so, the haiku suggests that a bird, too, has consciousness, feeling, and a legitimate point of view. Who are we to say that it isn't grumbling? In an earlier version of this haiku, dated , Issa ends with mura shigure : "non-stop winter rain. The cockscomb is a blooming plant, an autumn season word in haiku. The expression, mura shigure , signifies winter rain that passes through strongly and incessantly; Kogo dai jiten Shogakukan ; Issa juxtaposes the cozy interior of the hermit's hut with the harsh world outside.

Send me an email at timasteffen gmail. Many thanks to Moxie House in Lancaster for the design of the book and help in publishing it! His best friend, Brandi, is moving to California. Everyone, except Bubby, sees this as a sure sign of insanity. A story for middle grade readers ages and adults alike, Sailboat in a Cellar is a coming-of-age tale told through the eyes of Bubby who, during a summer of great uncertainty, learns more about himself, reconciles with issues of life and death, and discovers the answer to the great mystery of how his dad will get the sailboat out of the cellar.

The book is also available in the iBookstore. Simply go to iTunes on your Mac or iPad and search for the title. This illustrated series of books for children follows the journeys of Allie and her mom as they travel around the world in search of culinary delights. She must have her morning cup of Joe, but when she wakes up on a sunny Saturday and finds no coffee in the house, she takes her daughter on an around the world journey in search of hot java.

Oh, and along the way, the Quirks just happen to solve the mystery of a world-wide coffee conspiracy. Click here to visit my blog website dedicated to this series, including essays on writing the series, sample chapters, illustrations, and other musings. Big birds, little birds, quiet birds, loud birds. Pink birds, blue birds, purple polka-dotted birds.

You want birds? Some seven million people board the New York City subway every day, each one with a story to tell. Click on the book cover to purchase the Kindle or print version of this book. I co-authored this book series for young readers with my friend, Susan Ann Thornton. She also drew the wonderful illustrations throughout the books. In this first installment of the Baby Cat Series, the adorable and precocious Lily offers a humorous and enlightening point of view on finding a home during her first year in a very special beach community called Cherry Grove.

Susan and I self-published the first book in this series through a printing company and only have paperback copies available.

The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove
The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove
The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove
The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove
The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove
The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove
The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove
The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove
The Golden Dragonfly:The Adventures of Baby Cat in Cherry Grove

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