These nicknames arise from the distinctive architectural features of each city. The Pink City of Jaipur, for example, is so named because its buildings were painted pink in the 19th century , back when India was a British colony, to prepare for a visit by Edward, Prince of Wales. Nearby Jodhpur was painted blue, but for different reasons. The city's sea of blue houses are widely thought to have emerged as a result of the caste system. In the past, the city had a disproportionate number of Brahmins—the priestly class at the top of the caste hierarchy. Their houses were pained blue to set them apart from the lower castes.
Over the years, other non-Brahmin houses around the city's Mehrangarh Fort also turned bright blue, possibly because the Indigo dye that gave the walls their vivid blue color was a good defense against termites, one theory says. It is the last rampart before the Mediterranean and the Iberian Peninsula. We start our tour at 7am from your hotel in Marrakech to chefchaouen. We will then pass through several towns along the route, stopping for lunch at either Tinjdad, or Rissani in Tafilalet region, famous for serving the Berber pizza. After lunch we will make our way to Merzouga to start our camel trek.
You will have a short rest with tea, then your luggage will be left in safe rooms at the hotel. The 90 minute of camel ride will take you to a Nomadic camp in the middle of the Erg Chebbi sand dunes, the highest in North Africa. The camp consists of a chain of tents equipped with mattresses and linen, a restaurant, a kitchen and toilet.
During evening, you will have dinner and entertainment performed by Local staff around the camp fire. On our way, we will stop frequently to appreciate the Rocky mountains and plain areas. Louis Cardinals. The University of Memphis college basketball team, the Memphis Tigers , has a strong following in the city due to a history of competitive success. The current coach of the Memphis Tigers is Anfernee Hardaway.
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The annual St. Memphis has a significant history in pro wrestling. Sputnik Monroe , a wrestler of the s, like Lawler, promoted racial integration in the city. Ric Flair also noted Memphis as his birthplace. The Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium also served as the temporary home of the former Tennessee Oilers while the city of Nashville worked out stadium issues.
Shelby Farms park, located at the eastern edge of the city, is one of the largest urban parks in the United States. Beginning in , Memphis adopted a mayor-council form of government, with 13 City Council members, six elected at-large from throughout the city and seven elected from geographic districts.
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Following passage of the Voting Rights Act of , civil rights activists challenged the at-large is electoral system in court because it made it more difficult for the minority to elect candidates of their choice; at-large voting favored candidates who could command a majority across the city. In , the city adopted a new plan.
The 13 Council positions are elected from nine geographic districts: seven are single-member districts and two elect three members each. Jim Strickland is the city's current mayor, elected on October 8, He is a former Memphis city councilman. The previous mayor of the city of Memphis was A C Wharton. Since the late 20th century, regional discussions have recurred on the concept of consolidating unincorporated Shelby County and Memphis into a metropolitan government , as Nashville-Davidson County did in Consolidation was a referendum item on the ballots in both the city of Memphis and Shelby County, under the state law for dual-voting on such measures.
The referendum was controversial in both jurisdictions. Black leaders, including then-Shelby County Commissioner Joe Ford and national civil rights leader Al Sharpton , opposed the consolidation. According to the plaintiffs' expert, Marcus Pohlmann, these leaders "tried to turn that referendum into a civil rights issue, suggesting that for blacks to vote for consolidation was to give up hard-won civil rights victories of the past".
In October before the vote, eight Shelby County citizens had filed a lawsuit in federal court against the state and the Shelby County Elections Commission against the dual-voting requirement. Plaintiffs argued that total votes for the referendum should have been counted together, rather than as separate elections. City voters narrowly supported the measure for consolidation with By late , in pre-trial actions, both sides were trying to disqualify the other's experts, in discussions of whether regional voting revealed racial polarization, and whether voting on the referendum demonstrated racial bloc voting.
The defendants' expert, Todd Donovan, did not think that polarized voting as revealed for political candidates meant that "African-American voters and white voters have polarized interests when it comes to referendum choices on government administration, taxation, service provision and other policy questions. In , the federal district court dismissed the lawsuit, on the grounds that the referendum would have failed when both jurisdictions' votes were counted together.
In the last week of December , the U.
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Sixth District Court of Appeals upheld that decision, ruling that, ""In this election, the referendum for consolidation did not pass and would not have passed even if there had been no dual-majority vote requirement with the vote counts combined. Before the referendum, the decision was made by the city and county to exclude public school management and operations from the proposed consolidation. As noted below, in the Memphis city council voted to dissolve its city school board and consolidate with the Shelby County School System, without the collaboration or agreement of Shelby County.
The city of Memphis has an extensive railroad network. The main railroad of Memphis is a class 1 railroad operated by CSX. The city is served by Shelby County Schools. In Shelby County, six incorporated cities voted to establish separate school systems in Also included in this list is Memphis Harding Academy, a co-ed school affiliated with the Churches of Christ. Colleges and universities located in the city include the University of Memphis , including University of Memphis Cecil C.
The University of Tennessee College of Dentistry was founded in , making it the oldest dental college in the South , and the third oldest public college of dentistry in the United States. Nielsen Media Research currently defines Memphis and its surrounding metropolitan area as the 51st largest American media market. Major broadcast television affiliate stations in the Memphis area include, but are not limited to:. Memphis is the subject of numerous pop and country songs, including " The Memphis Blues " by W. More than 1, commercial recordings of over distinct songs contain "Memphis" in them.
The television series Greenleaf , Memphis Beat , and Quarry are set in the city. Interstate 40 , Interstate 55 , Interstate 22 , Interstate , Interstate , are the main expressways in the Memphis area. Interstates 40 and 55 cross the Mississippi River at Memphis from the state of Arkansas. Interstate 69 is a future interstate that, upon completion, will connect Memphis to Canada and Mexico. Interstate is the nearly completed, larger, outer interstate loop immediately serving the suburbs of Millington , Eads, Arlington , Collierville , and Hernando, Mississippi. It is expected to be completed in Interstate 22 connects Memphis with Birmingham, Alabama , via northern Mississippi including Tupelo and northwestern Alabama.
Why is Chefchaouen Painted Blue?
While technically not entering the city of Memphis proper, I ends at I in Byhalia, Mississippi , connecting it to the rest of the Memphis interstate system. Interstate 69 will follow Interstate 55 and Interstate through the city of Memphis. A new spur, Interstate , also serves the Memphis metro area connecting it to Jonesboro, Arkansas.
Other important federal highways though Memphis include the east-west U. Route 70 , U. Route 64 , and U. Route 72 ; and the north-south U. Route 51 and U. Route The former is the historic highway north to Chicago via Cairo, Illinois , while the latter roughly parallels the Mississippi River for most of its course and crosses the Mississippi Delta region to the south, with the Delta also legendary for Blues music.
A large volume of railroad freight moves through Memphis, because of its two heavy-duty Mississippi River railroad crossings, which carry several major east-west railroad freight lines, and also because of the major north-south railroad lines through Memphis which connect with such major cities as Chicago, St. By the early 20th century, Memphis had two major passenger railroad stations, which made the city a regional hub for trains coming from the north, east, south and west.
After passenger railroad service declined heavily through the middle of the 20th century, the Memphis Union Station was demolished in The Memphis Central Station  was eventually renovated, and it still serves the city. The only inter-city passenger railroad service to Memphis is the daily City of New Orleans train, operated by Amtrak , which has one train northbound and one train southbound each day between Chicago and New Orleans.
Memphis International Airport is the global "SuperHub" of FedEx Express , and has the second largest cargo operations by volume of any airport worldwide, surpassed only by Hong Kong International Airport. Delta Air Lines announced the closing of its Memphis pilot and crew base in Memphis has the second-busiest cargo port on the Mississippi River, which is also the fourth-busiest inland port in the United States.
Four railroad and highway bridges cross the Mississippi River at Memphis. In order of their opening years, these are the Frisco Bridge , single-track rail , the Harahan Bridge , a road-rail bridge until , currently carries double-track rail , the Memphis-Arkansas Memorial Bridge Highway, ; later incorporated into Interstate 55 , and the Hernando de Soto Bridge Interstate 40 , This is the largest three-service municipal utility in the United States, providing electricity, natural gas, and pure water service to all residents of Shelby County.
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Prior to that, Memphis was served by two primary electric companies, which were merged into the Memphis Power Company. The Memphis and Shelby County region supports numerous hospitals, including the Methodist and Baptist Memorial health systems, two of the largest private hospitals in the country.
Methodist Le Bonheur Healthcare , the largest healthcare provider in the Memphis region and the fourth largest employer as of ,  operates seven hospitals and several rural clinics. Modern Healthcare magazine ranked Methodist Healthcare  in the top integrated healthcare networks in the United States. Methodist Healthcare operates, among others, the Le Bonheur Children's Hospital , which offers primary level 1 pediatric trauma care, as well as a nationally recognized pediatric brain tumor program. Baptist Memorial Healthcare operates fifteen hospitals three in Memphis , including Baptist Memorial Hospital , and with a merger in became the largest healthcare system in the mid-South.
The St. Jude Children's Research Hospital , leading pediatric treatment and research facility focused on children's catastrophic diseases, resides in Memphis. The institution was conceived and built byentertainer Danny Thomas in as a tribute to St. Jude Thaddeus , patron saint of impossible, hopeless, and difficult causes. In recent years, the hospital has experienced severe funding difficulties that nearly led to a reduction or elimination of emergency room services. Memphis is home to Delta Medical Center of Memphis,  which is the only employee-owned medical facility in North America.
Individual health insurance marketplace insurers are limited, with Bright Health and Cigna offering coverage in the area. Memphis has three sister cities , as per Sister Cities International: . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city. For the song, see Memphis, Tennessee song. For other uses, see Memphis disambiguation. City in Tennessee, United States. Zip codes . Main article: Geography of Memphis, Tennessee. See also: List of neighborhoods in Memphis, Tennessee. Black or African American : Main article: Crime in Memphis, Tennessee.
Main article: Economy of Memphis, Tennessee. Main article: Culture of Memphis, Tennessee. Main article: Tourism in Memphis, Tennessee. Main article: Sports in Memphis, Tennessee. This section does not cite any sources.
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Main article: Government of Memphis, Tennessee. Main article: Education in Memphis, Tennessee. See also: List of newspapers in Tennessee , List of radio stations in Tennessee , and List of television stations in Tennessee. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, using references to reliable sources , rather than simply listing appearances.
May Main article: Transportation in Memphis, Tennessee. Main article: Port of Memphis. Main article: List of people from Memphis, Tennessee. Tennessee portal North America portal United States portal. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 3, Retrieved May 25, Archived from the original on January 1, Retrieved January 31, Retrieved June 15, Retrieved May 11, Retrieved February 21, Greater Memphis Chamber. Huffington Post. Retrieved July 13, Archived from the original on November 9, Encyclopedia of Arkansas. October 16, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture online, February 16 update.
Retrieved December 2, In Hudson, Charles M.
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Four Centuries of Southern Indians. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture online, January 1 update. Archived from the original on March 3, Retrieved September 10, Architecture in Tennessee, — Retrieved March 25, The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved October 24, Memphis Public Library.
Archived from the original on September 27, Oxford University Press New York: Berkley Books , Yellow Fever and the Board of Health. The Episcopal Church. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, New York: Bloomsbury Press, April 4, Archived from the original on June 15, Retrieved July 2, Crisis and Commission Government in Memphis.
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