The first two poems "The castles" and "The escutcheons" draw inspiration from the material and spiritual natures of Portugal. Each of the remaining poems associates to each charge a historical personality. Ultimately they all lead to the Golden Age of Discovery. Pessoa brings the reader to the present as if he had woken up from a dream of the past, to fall in a dream of the future: he sees King Sebastian returning and still bent on accomplishing a Universal Empire.
The third Cycle, called "O Encoberto" "The Hidden One" , refers to Pessoa's vision of a future world of peace and the Fifth Empire which, according to Pessoa, is spiritual and not material, because if it were material England would already have achieved it. The Hidden One represents the fulfillment of the destiny of mankind, designed by God since before Time, and the accomplishment of Portugal.
King Sebastian is very important, indeed he appears in all three parts of Mensagem. He represents the capacity of dreaming, and believing that it's possible to achieve dreams. One of the most famous quotes from Mensagem is the first line from O Infante belonging to the second Part , which is Deus quer, o homem sonha, a obra nasce which translates roughly to "God wishes, man dreams, the work is born". This poem refers to Ulysses , king of Ithaca , as Lisbon's founder recalling an ancient Greek myth. The articles disclose Pessoa as a connoisseur of modern European literature and an expert of recent literary trends.
On the other hand, he does not care much for a methodology of analysis or problems in the history of ideas. The philosophical notes of young Fernando Pessoa, mostly written between and , illustrate his debt to the history of Philosophy more through commentators than through a first-hand protracted reading of the Classics, ancient or modern. The issues he engages with pertain to every philosophical discipline and concern a large profusion of concepts, creating a vast semantic spectrum in texts whose length oscillates between half a dozen lines and half a dozen pages and whose density of analysis is extremely variable; simple paraphrasis, expression of assumptions and original speculation.
Such pantheist transcendentalism is used by Pessoa to define the project that "encompasses and exceeds all systems"; to characterize the new poetry of Saudosismo where the "typical contradiction of this system" occurs; to inquire of the particular social and political results of its adoption as the leading cultural paradigm; and, at last, he hints that metaphysics and religiosity strive "to find in everything a beyond". It was founded in and named after Fernando Pessoa, a famous Portuguese writer and poet. Photo by Manuel Martins da Hora. The literary concept of the heteronym refers to one or more imaginary character s created by a writer to write in different styles.
Heteronyms differ from pen names or pseudonyms, from the Greek words for "false" and "name" in that the latter are just false names, while the former are characters that have their own supposed physiques, biographies, and writing styles. Pessoa's Heteronyms by Almada Negreiros, In Pessoa's case, there are at least 70 heteronyms according to the latest count by Pessoa's editor Teresa Rita Lopes.
Some of them are relatives or know each other.
The Portuguese Empire and its interests. The concept was re-popularized in the twentieth century with the publication of Mensagem by Fernando Pessoa in The concept The Fifth Empire is not a mere territorial empire. It is a spiritual and linguistic body which spreads throughout the entire world. It represents the ultimate form of fusion between material science, reason, intellectual speculation and spiritual knowledge: the occult, mystical speculation and Kabbalism. It is the pinnacle of all the work undertaken by the previous empires according to old principle of the translatio imperii , which are the following under Pessoa's point of view: First Empire - Ancient Greece, all knowledge and experience extracted from the ancient empires; Second Empire - Roman Empire, expa.
Casa Fernando Pessoa in Campo de Ourique. History It was created in honor of the poet Fernando Pessoa, and conceived as a "home of poetry". It is located in the building where Pessoa lived between and The cultural center opened on November 30, With six installments to date, the series has sold twelve million copies in 40 languages. Fernando is a given name common in Italy, Portugal, and Spain, equivalent to the Germanic given name Ferdinand, with an original meaning of "adventurous, bold journey". Fernando Pessoa drinking a glass of wine in a Lisbon tavern in Published posthumously, The Book of Disquiet is a fragmentary lifetime project, left unedited by the author, who introduced it as a "factless autobiography.
Editions In Lisbon there are a few restaurants or eating houses located above decent-looking taverns, places with the heavy, domestic look of restaurants in towns far from any rail line. These second-story eateries, usually empty except on Sundays, frequently contain curious types whose faces are not interesting but who constitute a series of digressions from life.
It is granted annually to the Portuguese person who during this period, and in the course of previous activity, has distinguished him or herself as a figure in scientific, artistic, or literary life. Centauro Portuguese for "centaur" was a Portuguese trimonthly literary review published in the capital Lisbon from October to December The first volume was published in October , the second in November and the last one in December.
Over time the space has been the meeting point for intellectuals, artists, writers and free-thinkers, weathering financial difficulties and becoming a tourist attraction, as much as another coffee-shop. History A Brasileira in , photo by Joshua Benoliel. According to his author, this alter ego was born in Tavira, Portugal, studied mechanical engineering and finally graduated in ship engineering in Glasgow. Unemployed, Campos returned to Lisbon in he wrote then the poem "Lisbon Revisited" , where he lived ever since.
He was born in October, , but Pessoa didn't put an end to the life of Campos, so he should survived his author who died in November, Campos' works may be split in three phases: the decadent phase, the futuristic phase and the decadent sad phase. He chose Whitman and Marinetti as masters, showing some similarities with. Also in the same spirit, each of the band's members adopted pseudonyms. He was probably introduced to Hadrian in , before being taken to Italy for a higher education.
He had become the favourite of Hadrian by , when he was taken on a tour of the Empire as part of Hadrian's personal retinue. Antinous accompanied Hadrian during his attendance of the annual Eleusinian Mysteries in Athens, and was with him when he killed the Marousian lion in Libya. In October , as they were part of a flotilla going alon. It tells the story of the final year in the life of the title character, Ricardo Reis, one of the many heteronyms used by the Portuguese writer Fernando Pessoa. While there, he chooses not to resume his practice of medicine, but rather takes up residence in a hotel where he wastes his days reading newspapers and wandering the streets of Lisbon.
For instance, Reis reads of the events leading to the Spanish Civil War, and he sees floods of Spanish immigrants arrive in Lisbon seeking refuge, but he himself never expresses s. Deeply in love with Portugal, he was an expert, critic and translator of the works of Fernando Pessoa from whom he drew the conceptions of saudade, of fiction and of the heteronyms.
Tabucchi was first introduced to Pessoa's works in the s when attending the Sorbonne. He was so charmed that when he returned to Italy, he took an introductory course in Portuguese for a better comprehension of the poet. His books and essays have been translated in 18 countries, including Japan.
In later life he was mentione. A Nepali Newar woman smiling A smile is formed primarily by flexing the muscles at the sides of the mouth. Smiles performed without the eye contraction may be perceived as insincere. Among humans, smiling is an expression denoting pleasure, sociability, happiness, joy or amusement. It is distinct from a similar but usually involuntary expression of anxiety known as a grimace.
Although cross-cultural studies have shown that smiling is a means of communication throughout the world, there are large differences among different cultures, with some using smiles to convey confusion or embarrassment. Historical background An Arab girl smiling Primatologist Signe Preuschoft traces the smile back over 30 million years of evolution to a "fear grin" stemming from monkeys and apes who often used barely clenched teeth to portray to predators that they were harmless, or to signal submission to more d.
Richard Zenith born February 23, , Washington, D. Life Zenith graduated from the University of Virginia in The word is also used for an achievement in Portuguese football. Dobradinha Dobradinha is a dish made from a cow's flat white stomach lining. Hence, the northern inhabitants are called tripeiros for their ancestral dishes. It is a traditional dish in Portuguese and Brazilian cuisine.
Archived from the original on Retrieved The Tagus is highly utilized for most of its course. Several dams and diversions supply drinking water to places of central Spain and Portugal, while dozens of hydroelectric stations create power. Between dams it follows a very constricted course, but after Almourol it enters a wide alluvial valley, prone to flooding.
Its mouth is a large estuary near the port city of Lisbon. Botto grew up in the typical and popular atmosphere of that neighbourhood. Very old shabby houses, stretched up in steepy narrow streets, the ambiance was one of poverty and somewhat promiscuous. Small shops, small taverns where fado was sung late in the night. The dirty streets crowded with workers, housewives shopping, vendors, beggars, tramps, kids playing, pimps, prostitutes and sailors, which would deeply influence his work.
Botto was poorly educated and since youth he took to a series of menial jobs, among them. The journal's name, Orpheu was not chosen by accident - as in Greek myth, Orpheus Orfeu in Portuguese was the musician who, to save his wife Eurydice from Hades, had to trav. He began to write po. His way of writing was based on oral discourse, and, on every page, it revealed his roots among the common people. He is one of the fathers of the European historiography, or a precursor of the scientific historiography, basin. Publication One of two books self-published by Pessoa in , the author sent copies to several British literary journals.
Retrieved 22 November Zenith, pg. Sources Zenith, Richard His mother died in when he was two years old, and he was subsequently raised by his grandparents. He lived on a farm near Lisbon where he would spend most of his life. By the age of 15, he had already translated several works by Victor Hugo.
He began to write fiction in high school, partly due to his work as an actor. In , he left for Coimbra, where he was admitted to law school, although he never progressed beyond his first year. However, he met a man who would soon become his closest friend, Fernando Pessoa, and who introduced him to the group of modernists of Lisbon. After leaving the city of student. It is produced according to the secret recipe for more than years. The success of Macieira was instant, its quality and reputation won over true connoisseurs in Portugal such as Fernando Pessoa the famous Portuguese poet, became loyal to the brand.
More than years after its launch, is the market leader in Portugal and is also exported to over 30 countries in 5 continents. History Middle Ages Portuguese troubadours The beginnings of Portuguese poetry go back to the early 12th century, around the time when the County of Portugal separated from the medieval Kingdom of Galicia in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. It was in this region that the ancestral language of both modern Portuguese and modern Galician, known today as Galician-Portuguese, was the common language of the people.
Like the troubadour culture in the Iberian Peninsula and the rest of Europe, Galician-Portuguese poets sang the love for a woman, which often turned into personal insults, as she had hurt her lover's pride. However, this region produced a specific type of song, known as cantigas de amigo songs of a friend. In these, the lyrical subject is always a woman though the singer was male talking about her friend lover from whom she has been separated - by war or other activities - as shown in the Reconquista.
FERNANDO PESSOA, 120 ANOS DE POESIA.
They discuss the loneliness that the woman feels. But some poems also project eroticism. Literary modernism, or modernist literature, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America, and is characterized by a very self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction.
Modernists experimented with literary form and expression, as exemplified by Ezra Pound's maxim to "Make it new. The theories of Sigmund Freud — , and Ernst Mach — influenced early Modernist literature. Ernst Mach argued that the mind had a fundamental structure, and th. Edwin Honig September 3, — May 25,  was an American poet, playwright, and translator.
Life Honig was born in Brooklyn, New York. His second marriage, to Margot Dennes, ended in divorce in the early s. Following an illness, cited by a family friend as complications from Alzheimer's disease, Honig died on May 25, The mitochondrial shuttles are systems used to transport reducing agents across the inner mitochondrial membrane. NADH cannot cross the membrane, but it can reduce another molecule that can cross the membrane, so that its electrons can reach the electron transport chain.
It is primarily found in babies, though it is present in small amounts in adults around the kidneys and on the back of our necks. See also Mitochondrial carrier Notes and references Silva, Pedro. The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages is a book about western literature by the critic Harold Bloom, in which the author defends the concept of the Western canon by discussing 26 writers whom he sees as central to the canon.
The Western Canon includ. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments. Portugal is the oldest state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Portugal as a country was established during the Christian Reconquista against the Moors who had invaded the Iberian Peninsula in AD. An early example of Portuguese literature is the tradition of a medieval Galician-Portuguese poetry, originally developed in Galicia and northern Portugal. Literary modernism, or modernism literature, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North Sudamerica. Modernism is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional styles of poetry and verse.
Modernists experimented with literary form and expression, adhering to Ezra Pound's maxim to "Make it new". When modernism ends is debatable. Though The Oxford Ency. It reached the UK albums chart at number Title Length 1. Thom Yorke 4. His research and clinical-forensic expertise includes investigative interviewing, credibility assessment, forensic assessment, facial expression of emotion and variables associated with eyewitness memory in victims and offenders of crime and trauma.
He has also provided consultation and training overseas.
He studied at the University of Coimbra, and he did a Ph. He is the author of the book "The Psychology of Human Smile". Due to his intellectual activities and Anti-fascist and democratic feelings, Sacramento soon developed connections to the Portuguese Communist Party, at the time, the only organized resistance movement against the dictatorship. Despite singing mostly fado, she has sung some of her themes in Spanish, French, Catalan, English, and even Japanese.
Recordings Her first album was released in , at a time when, even at home in Portugal, fado was a poor career choice for a singer. The book describes, in a way considered by some to be very accurate, what is to be Portu.
Alma is the second album released by Portuguese fado singer Carminho. It was released on 2 March The album was released to highly critical and commercial success, reaching Platinum status. Track listin. Track listing No. Title Lyrics Length 1. Her translations include All the Names, and Death at Intervals, about a country where death ceases to exist, was published in Le Misanthrope, ad.
Misanthropy is the general hatred, dislike, distrust or contempt of the human species or human nature. A misanthrope or misanthropist is someone who holds such views or feelings. The condition is often confused with asociality. Western culture Arts Gustave Flaubert once declared that he would "die of suppressed rage at the folly of [his] fellow men. Poet Philip Larkin has been described as a misanthrope. Robert Hayman's book Quodlibets devotes much of its text to epigrams.
An epigram is a brief, interesting, memorable, and sometimes surprising or satirical statement. The presence of wit or sarcasm tends to distinguish non-poetic epigrams from aphorisms and adages, which tend to lack those qualities. These original epigrams did the same job as a short prose text might have done, but in verse. Epigram became a literary genre in the Hellenistic period, probably developing out of scholarly collections of inscriptional epigrams.
Though modern epigrams are usually thought of as very short, Greek. There are many references to the poet Fernando Pessoa. Bookworm, Kirkus Review. October 11, Jeff Bursey November Last year in Lisbon before moving to Durban, , aged 6. Pessoa in Durban, , aged Pessoa in , aged Pessoa's last home, from till his death, in , currently the Fernando Pessoa Museum. Coffee house " A Brasileira ", established in , the year Pessoa returned to Lisbon.
Pessoa's mediumship: Automatic writing sample.
Astral chart of the heteronym Ricardo Reis by Fernando Pessoa. Pessoa's last writing: "I know not what tomorrow will bring". He died next day, 30 November Pessoa in , drinking a glass of wine in a tavern of Lisbon's downtown. Pessoa's tomb in Lisbon, at the cloister of the Hieronymites Monastery since Portugal Futurista, the art journal that published Campos' "Ultimatum" in Mensagem, first edition, Letter to British Journal of Astrology, W.
Heart of Life/Coeur de la vie: Day/Jour II - Wildflowerzen
In Pessoa, Fernando Manuela Parreira da Silva. Jennings, H. Geerdts, letter to Dr. Faustino Antunes, 10 April Richard Zenith. Orpheu nr. Ibe name "ibis" has a very long literary tradition: the elegiac poem Ibis by Ovid was inspired in the lost poem of the same title by Callimachus. Saraiva, Arnaldo ed. Ruy Vaz, Fernando Pessoa, ed. Pessoa, Fernando , Lisboa: o que o turista deve ver in Portuguese and English 3rd ed. Edited and with an introduction By Josiah Blackmore. Athena nr.
Leadbeater, C. She traveled to Switzerland in November , with her daughter and son-in-law, recently married. Pessoa, Fernando Retrieved 13 February The magical world of Fernando Pessoa , Nthposition. In Pessoa, Fernando. Die Dinge, wie er sie sieht, sind als was sie scheinen. Sein Pan-Deismus basiert auf einer Ding- Metaphysik , die in der modernen Dichtung des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts noch Schule machen sollte. You can find another video clip on their webpage.
Pessoa published many poems in magazines but only one full-fledged book of poems, Mensagem, in He also self-published several chapbooks of his English poetry. The posthumous editions are far too numerous to list, and the quality is uneven. Early editions, in particular, were marred by erroneous transcriptions. Maria Aliete Galhoz, Most of the same volumes are published in Brazil by Companhia das Letras. These are even more numerous than editions in Portuguese, and new translations are constantly coming out. Cada momento mudei. Continuamente me estranho. Nunca me vi nem achei.
I always feel like a stranger. From being so much, I have only soul. A man who has soul has no calm.
A man who sees is just what he sees. A man who feels is not who he is. Attentive to what I am and see, I become them and stop being I. Each of my dreams and each desire Belongs to whoever had it, not me. I am my own landscape, I watch myself journey - Various, mobile, and alone.
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Not knowing what will come And forgetting what has passed, I note in the margin of my reading What I thought I felt. Mensagem, ed. Fernando Cabral Martins, Poesia , eds. Silva, Freitas and Dine, Poesia, Alberto Caeiro, eds. Fernando Cabral Martins and Richard Zenith.
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