Developing Countries Innovate in Nanotechnology
For Instructors Request Inspection Copy. The rise of collaborative consumption, peer-to-peer systems, and not-for-profit social enterprise heralds the emergence of a new era of human collectivity. Increasingly, this consolidation stems from an understanding that big-banner issues—such as climate change—are not the root causes of our present global predicament. There is a growing and collective view that issues such as this are actually symptoms of a much more vicious, seemingly insurmountable condition: our addiction to economic, consumption, and population growth in a world of finite resources.
Nanotechnology and Global Sustainability uses nanotechnology—the product of applied scientific knowledge to control and utilize matter at atomic and molecular scales—as a lens through which to explore the interrelationship between innovation, politics, economy, and sustainability. This groundbreaking book addresses how stakeholders can actively reshape agendas to create positive and sustainable futures through this latest controversial, cross-sectoral technology.
It moves beyond issues of efficiency, productivity, and utility, exploring the insights of 22 contributors from around the world, whose work spans the disciplines of science and the humanities. Their combined knowledge, reinforced with various case studies, introduces an exciting prospect—how we can innovate without economic growth.
This new volume in the Perspectives in Nanotechnology series is edited by Dr. Donald Maclurcan and Dr. Natalia Radywyl. This book is written for a wide audience and will be of particular interest to activists, scholars, policy makers, scientists, business professionals, and others who seek an understanding of how we might justly transition to sustainable societies. Howard and K. Baruah, J. Dutta, and G. With fieldwork in Thailand and Australia, his Ph.
This work developed into the book Nanotechnology and Global Equality and research that has been translated into more than 20 languages. In he founded Project Australia — a community organization helping people launch not-for-profit initiatives. As someone working across multiple disciplines, sectors and projects, Natalia advocates the role of critically-informed design, and seeking a common language to design for positive change. With interests in spatial and communications design, Natalia specialises in ethnographic approaches to understanding user experience and facilitating public engagement.
Recent research includes her Ph. Moving Images, the Museum and a Politics of Movement , which employed ethnography, social theory and cultural policy analysis to appraise visitor experience and codify the spatial ecology in the Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Melbourne; visitor engagement with urban screens and public space ; and viewer engagement with social media in the context of Australian public broadcasting As a social researcher she also has a strong grounding in policy, and consults to government on public behaviour change and agenda-setting. Natalia has also lectured in new media, media policy, theories of consumption and urban culture, and continues to publish about the role public institutions - such as broadcasters, museums and common urban spaces - play in mediating meaningful experiences in everyday life.
This book is a major step toward correcting that problem. This volume is an important corrective to that inattention. This book starts a dialogue that is absolutely vital if we are to have hope for democratic participation in determining the role, purpose, and direction of technological innovation. We provide complimentary e-inspection copies of primary textbooks to instructors considering our books for course adoption. Stay on CRCPress. Preview this Book.
Add to Wish List. Close Preview. Does the technology advance quality of life by creating new knowledge? Indirect benefits. Does it address issues such as capacity building and income generation that have indirect, positive effects on developing countries?
Nanotechnology and the Developing World
Three Delphi rounds were conducted using e-mail messages, faxes, and phone calls. In the first round, the panelists proposed examples of nanotechnologies in response to our study question. We analyzed and organized their answers according to common themes and generated a list of twenty distinct nanotechnology applications. This list was reviewed for face and content validity by two nanotechnologists external to the panel.
In the second Delphi round, the panelists ranked their top ten choices from the 20 applications provided and gave reasons for their choices. To analyze the data, we produced a summative point score for each application, ranked the list, and summarized the panelists' reasons.
Nanotechnology and the Challenges of Equity, Equality and Development
Then we redistributed the top 13 applications, instead of the top ten, to generate a greater number of choices for increased accuracy in the last round. The final Delphi round was devoted to consolidating consensus by re-ranking the top ten of the 13 choices obtained in the previous round and to gathering concrete examples of each application from the panelists. Our results, shown in Table 1 , were compiled from January to July They display a high degree of consensus with regard to the top four applications: all of the panelists cited at least one of the top four applications in their personal top four rankings, with the majority citing at least three.
To further assess the impact of nanotechnology on sustainable development, we have compared the top ten applications with the UN Millennium Development Goals Table 1 and Figure 2. The MDGs are eight goals that aim to promote human development and encourage social and economic sustainability [ 11 ]. What can the international community do to support the application of nanotechnology in developing countries?
In , the National Institutes of Health NIH conceptualized a roadmap for medical research to identify major opportunities and gaps in biomedical investigations. Nanomedicine is one of the areas of implementation that has been outlined to address this concern. Several of the applications of nanotechnology that we have identified in our study can aid the NIH in this process by targeting the areas of research that need to be addressed in order to combat some of the serious medical issues facing the developing world.
A grand challenge is meant to direct investigators to seek a specific scientific or technological breakthrough that would overcome one or more bottlenecks in an imagined path to solving a significant development problem or preferably, several [ 12 ]. A scientific board similar to the one created for the Grand Challenges in Global Health, with strong representation of developing countries, will need to be established to provide guidance and oversee the program. The top ten nanotechnology applications identified in Table 1 are a good starting point for defining the grand challenges.
The funding to address global challenges using nanotechnology could come from various sources, including national and international foundations, and from collaboration among nanotechnology initiatives in industrialized and developing countries. In parallel to the allocation of public funds, policies should provide incentives for the private sector to direct a portion of their research and development toward funding our initiative. The UN Commission on Private Sector and Development report Unleashing Entrepreneurship: Making Business Work for the Poor [ 14 ] underscores the importance of partnerships with the private sector, especially the domestic private sectors in developing countries, in working to achieve the MDGs.
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Perhaps most importantly, our results can provide guidance to the developing countries themselves to help target their growing initiatives in nanotechnology [ 15 ]. The goal is to use nanotechnology responsibly [ 16 ] to generate real benefits for the 5 billion people in the developing world.
Nanotechnology and Global Equality
We are grateful to our panelists for providing their expertise, and to W. Chan and A. Shik for help with our analysis of the nanotechnologies.
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Developing Countries Innovate in Nanotechnology Several developing countries have launched nanotechnology initiatives in order to strengthen their capacity and sustain economic growth [ 1 ]. Download: PPT. Top Ten Nanotechnologies Contributing to the MDGs In order to provide a systematic approach with which to address sustainable development issues in the developing world, we have identified and ranked the ten applications of nanotechnology most likely to benefit developing countries. Will it address the most pressing needs?
Table 1. Figure 2. Comparison between the Millennium Development Goals and the Nanotechnologies.
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Addressing Global Challenges Using Nanotechnology What can the international community do to support the application of nanotechnology in developing countries? Supporting Information. Table S1. Acknowledgments We are grateful to our panelists for providing their expertise, and to W. References 1. Accessed 21 February View Article Google Scholar 2. Accessed 27 January View Article Google Scholar 3.
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