However, the outside is fairly pristine, with a white stone exterior, five corner towers and rows of inner walkways surrounding a large courtyard — a perfect medieval castle, surrounded by brick iron walls. Out in the assuming outskirts of Cetatea de Balta in Alba County, the Bethlen-Haller Castle was originally built in the 16th century French Renaissance style but was later restored in the Baroque style in the 17th to 18th century. Research Press Kit Contact. News Press Kit Research Contact. The Five Best Castles in Romania.
Bran Castle is where the darkness lurks Completed in near the city of Bran, Bran Castle was used as a trading hub due to its proximity to the border of Transylvania as well as a fortress against the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.
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You should go to Corvin Castle, but let's hope you don't get sent there The stuff of Medieval fairy tales, Corvin Castle is an imposing Gothic stone castle located on a rock above the river Zlasti in Transylvania in the city of Hunedoara. Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 8 May Palaces and castles in Romania. List of castles in Europe.
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Literature History Examples Poets Writers. Media Television Cinema. Symbols Flag Coat of arms. Organisations Romanian Cultural Institute Museums. Romania portal. Hunedoara , Hunedoara County. Miercurea Ciuc , Harghita County. Sinaia , Prahova County. Banffy Castle . For much of this history the Romanian majority had few rights and were ruled by minorities such as the Hungarians and Saxons.
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Other minorities included Roma, Jews and Armenians. The Communist era was a harsh time for ethnic minorities, especially for those of whom many had been small business owners Hungarians and those Jews who had survived the war before the new totalitarian regime came to power. After the revolution in , most of the remaining Saxons moved to Germany having settled in Transylvania, at that time part of the Kingdom of Hungary, in large numbers during the 13th century , and many of the remaining ethnic Hungarians also left.
The relations between the ethnic minorities and majority have known tense times, but there has never been a serious conflict. Although attitudes of individuals can still be closed towards other groups, Transylvania is an example of different ethnic groups living together in relative peace. However, as with Europe in general, the Roma ethnicity is still seriously discriminated against and their culture is little understood.
Today Transylvania is the most developed region in Romania, partly because of tourism and partly because of a stronger capitalist tradition prior to World War II.
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The presence of the German and Hungarian minorities has been a catalyst for Western influences in Transylvania since It is interesting to observe the differences within this small region: the South and South East are dominated by Saxon culture, the East and North East are more influenced by Hungarian culture, the North is more Slavic, and the South West different again.
Try to visit a few older villages, where the people are generally very friendly. Few native German -speakers remain, but in any sizable town you should easily be able to find people who speak at least moderately good English, French, or German. Transylvania is relatively easy to access, due to its relative economic prosperity, tourism industry and proximity to Central Europe.
Very frequent trains link cities in Transylvania with Bucharest and major cities in all other regions of Romania. Check timetables on infofer. The cheapest way to travel is the train even for four of you. On a few routes you can find private companies, they offer cheaper tickets.
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Trains are usually the best way to travel between major Transylvanian cities and touristic destinations. However, many of the region's landmarks lie hidden from major transportation routes, so it is recommended you either rent a car or take buses to those places. You can find information about trains from infofer. You can find great and detailed road maps in any gas station throughout the country, in train stations and in most newsstands.
These detailed road maps can lead you anywhere, without much guidance needed. Be careful though for secondary and tertiary roads are not clearly marked, so sometimes you have to ask for directions. People are usually very friendly and will help you get to the destination of your choice. Buses are becoming a popular means of transportation in Transylvania.
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Usually, they leave from train stations in major cities, and stop in the central area of smaller ones. As in all eastern Europe, hitchhiking is common and even a preferred way of transport for some locals. However, people won't get mad if you don't leave anything and they might turn your money down anyway. Choosing the right spot for hitching increases your chances drastically- try to ask people on the street where to stand.
Bicycles are a very convenient and eco-friendly way of getting around in Transylvania and this way you can observe the natural beauty and even visit the smallest and remotest of villages.
Related Castles and Fortresses in Transylvania: Alba County
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